Esoteric knowledge spread to England before Ireland. A famous Welchman, Dr. John Dee, created a center for estoteric studies. Sir John Dee, was the court astrologer for Queen Elizabeth. He also was a brilliant magician, physician, philosopher, alchemist, Cabbalist, mathematician, scientist, and diplomatic emissary. This model of the Renaissance man lay the groundwork for modern speculative Freemasonry. He lectured on the Continent to the great European universities on Geometry. Sir John Dee was fully aware and spoke about the idea of Plato about the Great Architect of the Universe, for which sacred geometry is a method to understand this great architect's mind. In the preface Dee wrote for Henry Billingley's translation of Euclid published in 1570, Dee refers to Plato as "Divine Plato."
Sir John Dee is credited for founding a type of Magick called Enochian Magick. (Practitioners of magic often spell magic with a k.) He believed he could conjure up Angels. And he was convinced that the angels he conjured up with magic were not demons.9
John Dee believed he was descended from the tribe of Dan, and that the Queen of England and him were related to the Brutus and the city of Troy. He also associated himself intensely with the King Arthur legends, and his belief that the England had a destiny to rule the world.10 Dee had a politico-religious program for the imperial destiny of Queen Elizabeth I. This expansion was based on the belief that Elizabeth was descended from King Arthur, who was supposedly also a descendent of Troy which had been settled by the tribe of Dan, and that the Queen had a religious duty to conquer the world. He managed to convince the Queen to follow through on these ideas. Francis A. Yates has described this belief system in his book Astraea. The Imperial Theme in the Sixteenth Century (1975). Dee received a vision of a vast universal religion.
A good portion of the Christian caballists in Europe at that time were converted Jews.11
Dee's library contained thousands of books, including Lullist works, Pico della Mirandola and Reuchlin. He had Agrippa's De occulta philosophia, and the 1545 edition of the Latin version of Giorgi's De harmonia mundi. Agrippa was an cabbalist. Giorgi wrote on achitechtural symbolism, the sacred geometry and combines cabalism letter-mysticism and Pythagoro-Platonic theory to create his own synthesis of these.
Dee was very influential with the Earl of Leichester and his secret son Sir Francis Bacon. The puritan Edmund Spencer the poet was also Caballist Neo-Platonist.12
Dee's idea of an architect is more a description of an esoteric intiate, he writes, "I thinke, that none can justly account themselves Architects, of the suddeyne. But they onely, who from their childes yeares ascendying by these degrees of knowledges, beyng fostered up with the atteyning of many languages and Artes, have wonne to the high Tabernacle of Architecture...the Name of Architecture, is of the principalitie, which this Science hath, above all other Artes. And Plato affirmeth, the Architect to be Master over all
The reader has a better appreciation of the significance of Russell's references to God as being the Great Architect or the Divine Architect or Great Architect of the Universe. This masonic buzz word for God, allows us to see the connection between Russell and those who practiced sacred geometry.
In 1603, a scion of the Guise-Lorranne families became King James of England. Scottish families at this point in history carried their estoric knowledge to Ulster, Ireland, where over two centuries later Russell's family, originally from Scotland would be living before coming to the New World at Allegheny, PA.
One of Sir John Dee's principle disciples was Robert Fludd. Fludd and Francis Bacon spread esoteric thought through the Rosicrucian channels. This esoteric thought came the full circle back to England when Johann Valentin Andrea created the lodge system to protect the Rosicrucians, and some of these lodges emigrated to England. These later became the "Invisible College of the Rosicrucians", and later became the famous Royal Society. In a Rosicrucian work from Germany A Golden Treatise on the Philosopher's Stone (printed 1625) on the page entitled "The only true way ... to attain true perfection.", there is a paragraph labelled "Enigma". Two towers must be passed to get the true believer to where he is going. The sun god is also referred to on this page. A rare plate from Elias Ashmole's Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum also throws light upon the subject. The plate is named the "Key to the Great Philosophical Secret". It states the Philosopher's stone is a macrocosm and a microcosm of the universe. It shows four areas which correspond to the four Watchtower areas of the Magical Universe. They are Ignis(fire), Aer(air), Tera(earth), and Aqua(water).
Before dealing with how those who practiced Enochian Magic might have had a common goal or worked with C.T. Russell, let us examine some of the items in Russell's writings that seem to connect him with Enochian Magic and its Watchtowers.
The idea of planes of existence is an important Enochian Magic idea. In Russell's first book, pp. 225-237 a big issue is made of 6 planes of existence. These are
Plane M- plane of spirit begetting
Plane L- plane of perfection of spirit Plane K- plane of divine glory Plane N- plane of human perfection Plane R- Adamic races' lower plane Plane P- Plane of typical justification
Russell's answer to the following question is in line with Enochian Magic.
"Is the body of a consecrated person a part of the New Creation? ... It is not a part of the New Creation because the New Creation is spiritual "
"Is the New Creature divine? The New Creature is begotten to the divine nature. The intention of begetting was to bring these new creatures to the divine plane..."
What does Russell think of Enoch? C.T. Russell speculates that, "Since seven is always in the Scriptures recognized as a perfect number and indicates perfection, we might understand that Enoch, the seventh from Adam, would represent that perfect man—the perfection of man, or man in his future state when he will be perfect and when he will not die. And in this sense of the word, Enoch may be considered as representative of (no ending text...)
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