movement. His brother was a type of homespun philosopher. Hosea himself had very little formal education. "Though rich in native intelligence, he was always to suffer from the lack of a good thorough educational background. His accomplishments were to be made in spite of this deficiency."14 Later, Hosea converted his eldest brother to Universalism.15 In terms of family support and education the three Masons Russell, Smith, and Ballou also had affinities to each other.
BALLOU'S FIRST INFLUENCE
Caleb Rich, the mystic universalist (with possibly a Jewish heritage), who would influence the Ballou family so much, moved into a nearby town the year Hosea was born.16 This mystic
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