Dr. Geoffrey F. Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury beginning in 1945. He was initiated into Masonry in 1916 and before he became the Archbishop and Primate, while only an Anglican Bishop. He became the Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of England in 1937 and 1939.
William Howley, Archbishop of Canterbury (1828-1848) and important Mason. Henry Chicheley- another Archbishop of Canterbury and important Mason. IN CANADA
Samuel Pritchard Matheson (1852-1942) Bishop and primate of all Canadian Anglican Churches from 1909 to 1930, initiated into Masonry in 1874.
D.T. Owen (1878-1947), 33°, Primate of the Church of England in Canada, and Archbishop of Toronto.
IN THE UNITED STATES (Also refer to the earlier listing of Bishops and Priests) Henry St. George Tucker, Presiding Bishop of the Protestant Epis. Church in the USA 1938-46.
An overview of the extent of Freemasonry within the Anglican church can be seen in an article by London's Daily Express which lists the numbers of Masons in the highest Anglican offices in 1960. In 1960, there were within the Anglican church, 13 Mason Anglican Bishops, including one Canadian and 6 retired. The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Archbishop of the West Indies were both Freemasons. Also there were 6 Deans and Provosts of Cathedrals and 10 Archdeacons (incl. those retired) who were Masons.10 It's amazing that so many men have dedicated their lives to the Masonic Institution. Bear in mind that these men as they were initiated in Lodge were told in the ceremony, "No institution can boast a more solid foundation than that on which Freemasonry rests, the practice of every moral and social virtue." Yet, the Scriptures declare that "For no other foundation can be laid except that which is Christ Jesus." To accept otherwise is a denial of Christianity.
The reader can now understand better the common complaint that one of the requirements in order to rise in the Anglican hierarchy is to be a Mason.
A pro-Jewish book written about a century ago indicates one reason the Masons may be popular within the Anglican hierarchy. "It is known that five of the bishops and over 300 of the clergy of the Church of England are either Jews or of Jewish descent."11
EARLY EPISCOPAL CHURCH & MASONRY
The Church of England was especially strong in colonial Virginia, and somewhat also in colonial Maryland. The Episcopalian who is sometimes called the Father of Freemasonry Henry Price (1697-1780) came to Boston, Mass. in 1723 and convened a regular lodge in 1733 in Boston.12 Irregular lodges had been meeting in the colonies previous to this. James Madison, the first Episcopalian bishop in colonial Virginia was also an active Mason.13
In discussing the colonial time period C.S. Coles, 32°, writes in the New Age Magazine (Oct. 1921) p. 468, "In those days too, Freemasonry was largely confined to the members of the Episcopal Church among English-speaking people, both Scottish and English Masonry having its main support among the members of the Established Churches, and it is a fine thing to know that in those days the Church and Masonry went hand in hand in performing works of charity and good-will. Today the Episcopal Church takes the same position as the Masons in regard to the great public school system of our country, the past century having worked a revolution in our methods..."
The Church of England controlled its churches in the colonies through the office of the Bishop of London who appointed commissaries for the colonies to carry out his orders. By the time of the Amer. Revolution, there were 300 Anglican churches and 250 Anglican clergymen in the 13 colonies.14
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