Charles Sumner had been interested in Masonry and revolution for a long time. He had made personal visits to occultic revolutionists in Europe, including Mazzini. He excited his fellow Bird Club members with his revolutionary talk.68
Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe, G.L. Stearns, F.B. Sanborn, Charles Sumner, and Rev. Higginson were members of the Bird Club.69 They met in Young's Hotel in Boston,70 and from this group came much of the core of the conspiracy to create an armed revolution.
These men were not alone in supporting an insurrection. The origins go back to such famous men as Ralph Waldo Emerson.
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