The Age from Noah's Flood to Jesus Christ's First Coming Time Period: Approximately 2,300 years in duration.
Key Events: The Third Age began with God's promise to never flood the earth again. God blessed Noah and his sons and instructed them to be fruitful, multiply and fill the earth.
God became displeased with men when they built the tower of Babel, a symbol of man's pride, unity and power. Consequently, God caused disunity and confusion among men by giving them different languages and scattering them across the earth. The descendants of Noah's sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, formed the nations that re-populated the earth.
God called Abraham, and made a covenant with him known as the Abrahamic Covenant. God promised to make Abraham and his descendants a great and blessed nation, and also to bless all the families (nations) of the earth through the Seed of Abraham, who is Jesus Christ Himself.
God chose the Israelites, who are the descendants of Abraham, as a special people above all peoples in order to fulfill the Abrahamic Covenant. God chose Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and God made a covenant with them at Mount Sinai, called The Mosaic Covenant. It is a conditional covenant based on God's laws and commandments. The most important commandments in The Mosaic Covenant are the Ten Commandments. God punished His chosen people for their sins and rebellion, and allowed foreign armies to take them captive. The time will come in the future when God will restore the Kingdom of Israel to the Israelites and give them new hearts to believe, under His New Covenant. Full details are given in Chapter 7 'God's Purpose for Israel'.
The birth of Jesus Christ, who is the Seed of Abraham, was the most important event to occur in this Age. The Third Age ended approximately 2,000 years ago with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, who died for the sins of the whole world.
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