16 For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17 And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree, 18 do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.
Paul continues his case for the unbelieving Jews. Even though they are temporarily broken off, they remain part of the same olive tree, which is holy to God. Paul warns Gentile Christians not to boast against Jewish unbelievers. This is because the Jewish unbelievers have been temporarily sacrificed so that Gentile believers can be grafted into the Jewish Holy Olive Tree supported by the Root who is Jesus Christ, the Seed of Abraham.
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