31 When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32 All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats.
One of the first tasks Jesus Christ will undertake when He returns to this earth is to judge all the surviving Gentile nations, and separate them as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. When the Bible refers to the nations, it refers to the Gentile nations only with the exclusion of God's chosen nation Israel. Thus, the sheep and the goat nations referred to in the verse above are people from the Gentile nations, who survive the Great Tribulation along with the surviving Jews.
The Sheep, like the surviving Jews, are God's Elect, and they will also all be saved before they die in the Millennial Age.
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