Recent studies In information theory have come up with some astounding conclusions— namely, that information cannot be considered • In the same category as matter and energy. It's £
true that matter or energy can carry information, but they are not the same as information itself.
For instance, a book such as Homer's Iliad contains information, but is the physical book itself information? No, the materials of the book— the paper, Ink and glue contain the contents, but they are only a means of transporting it.
The same principle is found In the genetic code. The DNA molecule carries the genetic language, but the language itself is independent of Its carrier. The same genetic information can be written In a book, stored on a compact disk or sent over the Internet, and yet the quality or content of the message Is not changed by changing the means of conveying it.
As evolutionary biologist George Williams explains: "The gene Is a package of information, not an object. The pattern of base pairs In a DNA molecule specifies the gene. But the DNA molecule Is the medium, It's not the message" (quoted by Phillip Johnson, Defeating Darwinsim by Opening Minds, 1997, p. 70).
This type of high-level Information has been found to originate only from an intelligent source. As Lee Strobel explains: "The data at the core of life Is not disorganized, it's not simply orderly like salt crystals, but It's complex and specific Information that can accomplish a bewildering task— the building of biological machines that far outstrip human technological capabilities" (p. 244).
The precision of this genetic language Is such that the average mistake that Is not caught turns out to be one error per 10 billion letters. If a mistake occurs in one of the most significant parts of the code, which Is in the genes, It can cause a disease such as sickle-cell anemia. Yet even the best and most intelligent typist in the world couldn't come close to making only one mistake per 10 billion letters—far from it.
So to believe that the genetic code gradually evolved in Darwinian style would break all the known rules of how matter, energy and the laws of nature work. In fact, there has not been found in nature any example of one information system inside the cell gradually evolving Into another functional information program.
We therefore have in the genetic code an immensely complex Instruction manual that has been majestically designed by a source far more intelligent than human beings.
Even one of the discoverers of the genetic code, the agnostic and recently deceased Francis Crick, after decades of work on deciphering it, admitted that "an honest man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only state that In some sense, the origin of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have had to have been satisfied to get it going" (Life Itself: Its Origin and Nature, 1981, p. 88, emphasis added).
Was this article helpful?