Urban Survival Secrets for Terrorist Attacks

Urban Survival Guide

Discover How You Can Easily Have A Survival Plan Staying Right Where You Currently Live That's Better Than Having. A Fully Stocked Rural Retreat That You Can't Get To! Finally Revealed: Urban Survival Secrets For Surviving Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters And Pandemics! In The Real World, Most People Don't Have A Fully Stocked Retreat They Can Escape To. Even If You've Planned Ahead And You Do, There's No Guarantee That You'll Leave In Time Or That You'll Be Able To Make It There. Your First Plan Must Be To Survive In Place.

Urban Survival Guide Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Ebook
Author: David Morris
Price: $47.00

My Urban Survival Guide Review

Highly Recommended

All of the information that the author discovered has been compiled into a downloadable ebook so that purchasers of Urban Survival Guide can begin putting the methods it teaches to use as soon as possible.

If you want to purchase this book, you are just a click away. Click below and buy Urban Survival Guide for a reduced price without any waste of time.

Download Now


Terrorism is a much-used word which in practice is apt to be discredited by the cliche that one person's terrorist is another's freedom-fighter. The classic just war doctrine allows much greater precision. It directs us to ask whether the case is one of rebellion, and whether the rebellion is just or unjust. If the cause is unjust (e.g. the IRA's anti-democratic activities) then there are no legitimate targets. If the cause is just and there is legitimate authority and last resort, it still remains to ask whether noncombatant immunity is respected. In such ways, the classic doctrine brings precision to an issue which is often treated with wearisome emotionalism. A special case is that of 'state-sponsored terrorism', on which the classic doctrine's implication is clear. If the State is overtly supporting the rebellion then it is party to it, a belligerent, and the question to ask is whether the war is just. If the State's involvement is covert, so that the State is seeking to disown...

Samaritans Purse to Baghdad

The Reverend Franklin Graham, son of the Reverend Billy Graham, sparked controversy following the September 11 terrorist attacks by characterizing Islam as a very evil and wicked religion during an interview with NBC. In a later Wall Street Journal column Graham sought to clarify his comments, saying he was not contending that Muslims are evil people because of their faith. But I decry the evil that has been done in the name of Islam, or any other faith-including Christianity. He added that the persecution or elimination of non-Muslims has been a cornerstone of Islam conquests and rule for centuries. In an interview with Paula Zahn on CNN, Graham said he does not believe Muslims are evil people, despite his disagreements with them. He said, I'm not a Muslim. I don't believe in Islam. And I have a lot of concerns and a lot of

Pharaohs Men Spread Rumors

Moses stood watching what was happening. He could not interfere, nor did he have the power to forbid these acts. All he could do was to advise his people to be patient. He ordered them to ask Allah the Almighty for a calamity on the Egyptians. He pointed out to them the model of the Egyptian magicians who endured for Allah's sake without complaint. He helped them to understand that Pharaoh's soldiers behaved on earth as if they were its private owners. Pharaoh's terrorism infused the children of Israel with a spirit of defeat. They complained to Moses

On Communism and Bolshevism

In the Soviet institutions the predominance of Jews is even more astonishing. And the prominent, if not indeed, the principal, part in the system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary Commissions for Combating Counter-Revolution has been taken by Jews, and in some notable cases by Jewesses.

Vatican Woes Paganisation of Europe

Europeans, with their long history of struggles against the Church have seen the Emperor without his clothes. But Asiatics, Indians in particular, have failed to understand this history, and have accepted Church propaganda as truth. It is time that the people of the so-called Third World countries who have now become the target of the Church, following its near total rejection by the West, see the truth and recognize the real face of the Church. In this, India, with its deep philosophical roots, must take the lead. The Church is no more a soul-saving institution than the British East India Company was an organization devoted to the spread of civilization. Indians with their long association with European countries, backed by an unmatched pluralislic civilization of their own, should be in an ideal position to explore and expose the theocratic aims of Christianity. But with rare exceptions this has not happened. It is a source of unending wonder to me that despite the great number of...

From the Halls of Government

If prayer and Bible studies in public housing authorities and government-owned recreational centers in towns and cities agitate secularists, such meetings in the halls of state government really make them nervous. In February 2003, Alabama Governor Bob Riley, his cabinet members, and senior staff began voluntary Bible studies each Tuesday morning in the governor's office in the capitol building. Riley said he got the idea while serving in the United States Congress, where many congressmen participated in Bible meetings at the U.S. Capitol. It's voluntary, said Riley. Anyone who wants to come is more than welcome. The governor's office said that absolutely no state business would be discussed during the meetings, and the governor was careful to have plenty of other meetings with the staff so that none of them felt pressured to attend the Bible meetings just to gain access to him. Although only eleven of his fifty-five staff members chose to attend any of the meetings, Larry Darby,...

The 20th Century Revival of Christian Zionism

To such Fundamentalists the existence of a Palestinian Christian church is either ignored completely, or maligned as theologically Liberal and spiritually dead, an irrelevancy in the inexorable movement of world history leading to the imminent return of the Jewish Messiah. Basilea Schlink, for example, berates the Palestinian Intifada as 'terrorism aimed solely at destroying Israel.'267 Her uncompromising views are typical of many other Zionists who elevate the State of Israel to a privileged status far above any human sanction or criticism.

Neo Ijtihad and Return to the Salaf

On his return to Egypt, he joined the Muslim Brotherhood (al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) and was one of those who supported the Free Officers' coup in 1952. Falling out with the Nasserist regime, he was sentenced to fifteen years in prison in July 1955. Released in May 1964, he was re-arrested in August 1965 and charged with terrorism. On 29 August 1966, he was executed, a martyr in the view of many of his followers.293 The jahili society which he had so much, and so frequently, condemned had taken

General Edmund Allenby

It was inevitable that there would be an Arab backlash and consequently Britain placed severe restrictions on Jewish emigration right up to the declaration of independence in 1948 thereby inciting antipathy and terrorist attacks from both sides.175 The 1936 Peel Commission which had recommended the partition of Palestine between Jews and Arabs stated,

Free Speech and Hate Speech

At the same time, European governments long proved themselves uncertain about how to respond to various forms of hate speech by Muslim activists themselves when the words were delivered in the form of religious exhortations. Matters have changed, however, following the recent terrorist upsurge, and the furious incitements to armed terrorism delivered by Britain's Abu Hamza did indeed lead to his imprisonment. Interestingly, the rabid extremism of some of the cartoon protests themselves forced European governments to reexamine what had seemed their limitless tolerance of loud-mouthed dissent. In Britain, the overt celebrations of the subway bombings and the open threats of repetition were sufficiently maddening to force official intervention, and several protesters were charged with using words or written material to stir up racial hatred. One of those charged was a leader of al-Ghurabaa'. Muslim protests in Britain were also counterproductive in other ways, in persuading enough...

New Frankenstein Religion

Media reaction to the rising Christianity demonstrates curious parallels to the treatment of Islam. In terms of mainstream responses to the practice of the religion itself, European media and officialdom have demonstrated rather greater tolerance toward Islam than to immigrant Christianity, which is viewed as a peculiarly sinister faith not worthy of legal protections. Of course, Islam receives the vast bulk of news coverage because of society's fears of terrorism or subversion, which nobody has yet applied to southern world Christianity. Yet having said that, both Christians and Muslims receive a chilly reception from a secular media and officialdom.

Tale of Two Cities Past and Future

There is fear and apprehension about the future. On the one hand, science and technology promise a world of dazzling prosperity. Yet on the other hand, nuclear war and biological and chemical terrorism threaten the very existence of our world. A great charismatic leader in Europe will arise, responding to this crisis. He will enter into an alliance A powerful war-making apparatus marshaled by the coming European superpower will be billed as the cornerstone of world peace and security. Modern technology will be used to create a police-state that Hitler and Stalin could only have dreamed about. People will be induced to accept such draconian measures as the price of getting rid of terrorism and violent crime.

Fueling the Agenda Postmodern Hogwash

One illustration showed the Statue of Liberty bent over and weeping. Cassidy said that, since the sketch was made shortly after the September 11 terrorist attacks, it was obvious to him that the artist was expressing the nation's grief. The professor instead examined the drawing through the subjective prism of feminism. She asserted that the artist chose the statue because American culture allows women to cry, but not men. The artist, constrained by cultural forces (presumably, live white guys), had surrendered his artistic freedom. To the professor, this constituted proof that society has established gender roles that men and women must follow. She said the purpose of her history course was to locate these gender roles and reject them.

Real Answers to Lifes Big Questions

Those who take time to look beyond themselves soon notice the tremendous inequities in our modern world, and wonder Why do millions of human beings suffer from a lack of food, lack of fresh water, lack of sanitation and inadequate shelter Why are so many people exploited and abused by corrupt leaders in failing countries Why are wars and deliberate acts of horrific violence and terrorism proliferating around the world Why is there no peace Millions want a better world, but know they cannot make it happen. Why, then, does God fail to intervene if indeed there is a God

The First Four Trumpets

The events, declared by these first four trumpets, are a prophetic fulfillment of the symbolism contained in the events of 9-11, when the World Trade Towers and the Pentagon were struck by terrorism. It is during the time of the first four trumpets when the symbolism of 9-11 is accomplished the economy, government and military might of the greatest nation on earth is struck a fatal blow.

President George W Bush

Bush has frequently called the nation to prayer and made no secret of his Christian faith and reliance on Christ for wisdom in governance. He has been especially open with his spirituality since the September 11 terrorist attacks, often peppering his speeches with references to his religion. A reporter asked Michael Gerson, President Bush's chief speechwriter, if the president understood how offended many people were by the closing lines of his State of the Union address in January 2003. The supposedly controversial words were, The liberty we prize is not America's gift to the world, it is God's gift to humanity. New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman joined the fray in a column entitled The Real War on November 27, 2001. In it he argued that the real enemy in the War on Terror was not terrorism. Terrorism is just a tool, said Friedman. We're fighting to defeat an ideology religious totalitarianism. He said we fought World War II and the Cold War...

Congressional State and Local Chaplains

Congress and state legislatures are not the only places chaplains run into difficulties. In Portland, Oregon, police chaplain John Elms found that just performing his job was too controversial for some to handle. The Portland Police Bureau fired Elms after six years of voluntary service with the bureau, allegedly for proselytizing to police officers who had come to him for spiritual support. Apparently, Elm's major offending act was his distribution of 1,500 God's Word for Peace Officers Bibles, a Bible designed for officers following the September 11 terrorist attacks. Elms explained that he decided to pass the Bibles out following a trip to New York City, where he met many victims' families.

The Coalition of Religious and Political Zionism

If America goes down, then the whole world goes down. Nothing will remain of the world. If America was not around, the Soviet Union would take over the world in three days. Their goals are to destroy America to destroy it to reduce it to nothing and they feel they can effectively do it through terrorism.286

God Better Not Bless America

In Rocklin, California, placed the message God Bless America on the school marquee after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the ACLU accused the school of committing a clear violation of the California and United States constitutions, as well as the California Education Code. It must be replaced immediately, said the ACLU staff attorney.

The God of reason and the God of Christ

Dominus illuminatio mea . . . quem timebo Why, I ask, in conclusion, this theologically motivated resistance to proof of God, this fear of the light of human reason, this faith-induced loss of intellectual nerve There are all too many explanations of political, economic, social and cultural kinds for a nihilistic post-modern irrationalism for, contemplating the vicissitudes of the last appalling century, strewn as our inheritance of it is with the debris of officially declared military violence, of systematic economic exploitation, of racism, genocide, and of the consequent near to manic explosions of terrorism, who should be surprised if our age should look into the mirror of such a history, and declare itself to be 'post-modern', since all its values appear to have been dissolved in the corrosive acid of 'alterity' Yet it can seem to be an intellectual and moral betrayal of their God-given task that the theologians too should with such

The United States versus Europe

Entering its territory or boarding its aircraft, it would be much more difficult to differentiate between European citizens solely on the grounds of their religion or of their names. Had he so chosen, Mohammad Sidique Khan could easily have used his British passport to enter the United States, and perhaps to undertake a suicide attack on the subway system of New York City rather than London. Terrorism experts Peter Bergen and Paul Cruickshank argue that on these grounds, it can now be argued that the biggest threat to U.S. security emanates not from Iran or Iraq or Afghanistan but rather from Great Britain, our closest ally.1

The Islamic Quest for Sociopolitical Justice

The impact of Islam on politics in today's world attracts wide interest and has led to a flood of writings on so-called political Islam, a term apparently newly coined (Beinin and Stork 1997). Political Islam is defined as the doctrine and or movement, which contends that Islam possesses a theory of politics and the State (Ayubi 1991). The phenomenon is viewed to be at odds with modernity, and so Muslim political activism is customarily equated merely with terrorism and extremism. Many overlook the continuing movement within the Muslim world to relate Islam to contemporary social concerns.

The Quest for Moderates

Critically, what is a moderate in the context of contemporary Islam An individual might denounce terrorism and call for Muslims to be loyal citizens of the nations in which they live but could still hold unacceptably radical views on many sensitive issues. In Britain, MCB media secretary Inayat Bunglawala served as a prominent member of the post-7 7 road-show intended to denounce extremism. Bunglawala condemns terrorism and declares that Omar Bakri and Hassan Butt are known for their lunatic opinions and are utterly repudiated by the Muslim community. Yet Bunglawala through the years has left a lengthy paper trail of distinctly nonmoderate comments. In the early 1990s he praised American Islamist Sheikh Omar Abdul Rahman, and before 9 11, he circulated the writings of freedom fighter Osama bin Laden. Bunglawala has also denounced the mainstream British media as Zionist-controlled.38

Case Study Ground Zero Sign

'Slaughterhouse of the Religions' in recent times.543 Now, like the city of Jerusalem, the fundamental semiotics of New York breathe a threnody of terrorism and death whose memory will linger for hundreds of generations. An aspect of all this is the misuse or even perversion of vocabularies by those who fail to perceive the cultural or theological baggage which such vocabularies bear. The original name dreamed up by the Western Alliance against Terrorism in 2001 was Operation Infinite Justice. Professor Clive Holes commented soon afterwards President Bush's unfortunate phrase 'Crusade against terrorism', which led the White House to apologise on Wednesday, caused a storm of angry responses from columnists, even in Kuwaiti papers that once sang the praises of his father. 'Mr Bush's Freudian slip says it all', said a columnist for the Kuwaiti daily Al-Watan, 'as Bush and other Westerners hold in their hearts the dream to replay the Crusades launched against Islam 00 years ago. But his...

Case Study Ground Zero Object

If, in the months following the terrorist attacks on America on 11 September 2001, one had asked a very simple question, namely, 'what lies beyond Huntington's thesis ', the almost universal answer, from scholars and the ill-informed alike, might have been The Paradigm Spectre of Ground Zero. The following survey and analysis is based on contemporary media records.

More Important Subjects

Hymowitz also shared an exchange that took place at a meeting of the New York chapter of NCSS between a teacher and Alan Schulman, a member of a panel on The Impact of September 11 on Social Studies Professionals. When the teacher explained that her students had been anxious to learn more American history after the terrorist attacks, Schulman responded, We need to de-exceptionalize the United States. We're just another country and another group of people.

Grand Democratic Strategy

Readers of the Houston Chronicle may think they know where this is all going to go-especially after the Chronicle covered a group called the Texas Faith Network (TFN), an organization opposed to fundamentalist theology and activism in the education and political arenas. At a TFN conference in Houston, participants concluded that the true enemy in the war on terrorism is, as you might have guessed, religious fundamentalism.

Identifying Extremists

Depending then on how we define the radical movement, Europe today faces a serious danger from violent extremism rooted in radical Islamism. But terrorism is a broad-brush term covering quite different types of activity that demand quite distinct responses. Some movements like the IRA or ETA are deeply rooted in the community and command a degree of popular support. Other groups, in contrast, like those that undertook the Madrid or London bombings, need not necessarily have had any connections whatever in the broader world of Spanish or British Islam. To use a historical analogy, in the 1920s or 1930s, a large number of Europeans sympathized with communist or radical socialist parties who at least spoke the language of radical revolution, and fantasized openly about what they might do on The Day when the final conflict erupted. Yet for all the wild rhetoric, democratic nations, at least, responded judiciously. They drew a careful distinction between truly dangerous militants and...

Walter Brueggemann

The Book of Jeremiah, second of the three major prophets, is immensely complex. Its different interpretive voices stretch across several generations and do not cohere into an easily identifiable and uniform theology. Instead, in both poetry and prose, the Book of Jeremiah witnesses an ongoing conversation among different advocates concerning the crisis of Babylon's expansion and Jerusalem's demise. In this volume, Walter Brueggemann elucidates these various voices in the context of Judah's commitment to the rule of the one God, Yhwh. This messy interface of the theological and political constitutes the primal challenge of the Book of Jeremiah, and Brueggemann shows how the book asserts that God continues to be similarly and disturbingly operative in the affairs of the world. In this way, contemporary crises such as American imperialism and religiously inspired terrorism are shown to be dislocations with ancient antecedents, but dislocations that continue to invite readers to new...

The First Thunder

Terrorism and war are not new to mankind. This has been the way of man for thousands of years, but this terrorism is part of end-time prophecy and this is what makes it different from all other acts of war. All Seven Thunders contain things that have occurred on the earth in one way or another ever since man's beginning. Terrorism is not new. Wars are not new. But what is happening now, in these Seven Thunders, is new because it is part of end-time prophecy. All these things will lead directly into the final three and one-half years of great physical tribulation on all the earth, with ever increasing intensity. Terrorism is war and war is terror. An American Civil War General, William T. Sherman, is recognized for a famous quote, in which he said, War is hell. Anyway you address it, war reigns terror wherever it strikes.

Unequal Access

School officials in Crosby, Minnesota, prohibited a Christian group called the Lunch Bunch from passing out flyers or posters to advertise its meetings at Crosby-Ironton High School. Club members Katie Hodges and Jonathan Friesner were trying to publicize the club's annual See You at the Pole-National Day of Student Prayer (SYATP), which is a national celebration. In fact, a week after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on America, more than three million students participated in the event in all fifty states. Yet the school principal denied Katie and Jonathan permission to distribute the leaflets unless they substituted praise for prayer. On a separate occasion he also prohibited the club from promoting a Bible study.

Going Underground

In the meantime, fight clubs have sprung up all over the country Out of them Tyler starts Project Mayhem, a revolutionary organization that thrives on petty vandalistic acts that eventually mutate into terrorist attacks against major corporations and big business. During one mission, a member of Project Mayhem, Bob, is shot and killed by the police. Jack is horrified. Bob was the first person that he met at his testicular-cancer support group and his death deeply affects Jack who now wants to stop Project Mayhem's activities. Tyler Durden, though, has disappeared.

Local Level

We begin at the local level, with events surrounding a public housing development in New York City in the wake of September 11. Following the terrorist attacks, the American people forged a stronger bond than any in recent memory. In seeking to help the people in New York City deal with their shock and grief, many religious leaders came forward to offer spiritual guidance, counseling, and assistance. Pastor Joan Daily, a longtime resident of a public housing development in Woodside in Queens, New York, sought permission from the New York City Housing Authority to rent a room at the Woodside Community Center to conduct a Bible study and prayer meeting for aggrieved city residents. Several Woodside residents died in the terrorist attacks. Though the facility is routinely used by various groups for a wide range of purposes, from exercise classes to adult education, the Authority denied the pastor's request. Officials cited a city policy prohibiting religious services, unless the...


This is especially true in terms of hostile representations of religious themes, and many recent examples illustrate the profound disparity of treatment, and of the official response. The controversies over the Danish cartoons and the film Submission taught European media harsh lessons about the limits of presenting controversial themes in the area of Islam, and overwhelmingly, they have responded with self-censorship. Other religious activists have also enjoyed great success in preventing the presentation of unflattering themes. In 2004, Britain experienced a debate quite as unsettling as the cartoon affair, when Birmingham Rep Theatre produced the play Behzti (Dishonor). The work, which was written by a young Sikh woman, Gurpreet Kaur Bhatt, depicted sexual abuse and murder in the context of a Sikh temple. Furious militants mounted protests and threatened to storm the theater. Giving credence to the threats was the presence among the protesters of members of aggressive Sikh militias...

Generation of Terror

Watching the sudden upsurge of religious-motivated terrorism in Europe in 2004-2005, American media in particular often suggested that outbreaks of this sort represented a radical departure from previous tranquility, that European governments were facing a wholly new reality. A worldwide jihad movement seemed to have arrived on Europe's shores more or less overnight, presumably imported by the continent's new migrants. In reality, Islamist attacks admittedly on a smaller scale had been in progress over the previous twenty years, particularly in France. Making this point is not just to plead for a more comprehensive accounting of terrorist violence but to suggest a rather different view of its causation. If in fact the violence was a post-9 11 phenomenon, then we could plausibly associate it with al-Qaeda and its ideology. In reality, though, Middle Eastern-related terrorism in Europe has far more complex origins, which cannot be readily associated with any one ideology, or...


Britain has also been extremely hospitable to leading activists who are wanted in their home countries on very serious charges. Some of the perpetrators of the 1995 GIA campaign in France found refuge here, to the horror of French law enforcement. It was in these years that the British capital acquired its unsavory reputation of London-istan. Abu Qatada was twice convicted in Jordan on terrorist charges, and many other British Islamist leaders stand high on the most-wanted lists of countries like Egypt, Tunisia, and the Gulf states. Yemen has a long-standing request to extradite Abu Hamza on charges of plotting terrorism in that country. Omar Bakri is a British resident only because he claimed asylum there in the mid-1980s while in flight from the Saudi Arabian police. One Islamist militant wanted in the attempted assassination of a former Egyptian prime minister lived freely in Britain States, a group pledged to support armed Palestinian resistance against the state of Israel would...

Transforming Faith

Europeans of most political shades would now admit that they face a Muslim Problem, in the sense of deciding how to deal with social, cultural, and political views that seem barely compatible with those of the liberal mainstream. Yet perhaps the issue is not so much a Muslim problem as a religion problem, a systematic failure by European elites to understand religious thought and motivation. In much of the recent discussion about Islam, commentators are understandably anxious to avert the dangers of extremism and terrorism, to persuade Muslims to absorb virtues of tolerance and pluralism. Yet often the underlying assumption is that religion itself is a problem, at least in anything like its historic forms. In the words of one of the best contemporary authorities on European Islam, Jocelyne Cesari, liberal Europeans seem to be asking Muslims, Why do you need religion Why can't you live like us As Ian Buruma notes, some of the fear of Islam arises from European historical amnesia Muslim...


Attacks in Madrid, London, and elsewhere, together with several thwarted attempts, raise the prospect of one or many European versions of 9 11, mega-terror attacks launched by Islamic extremists. A report from the normally restrained British intelligence services warned of a possible domestic insurgency, noting that 100,000 British Muslims came from completely militarized regions of the world, such as Somalia or Afghanistan. Every one of them knows how to use an AK-47. About ten per cent can strip and reassemble such a weapon blindfolded, and probably a similar proportion have some knowledge of how to use military explosives. Fears about terrorism found a convenient face in Dhiren Barot, a Qaeda organizer convicted in 2006 of planning a series of terrorist spectaculars in Great Britain. Among other schemes, he wanted to blow up a subway train in a tunnel under the Thames, in order to cause catastrophic flooding he fantasized about detonating a radioactive dirty bomb and plotted to...

Paths to Terror

Combating terrorism would be much easier if the menace came from one unified network with a single cause, allowing authorities to infiltrate networks, to hunt down militants, and to stem sources of arms and money. In fact, for all we have heard in recent years about the threat from al-Qaeda, many of the most notorious attacks have been the work of autonomous or independent local groups only marginally connected with any central organization. In the aftermath of the British ricin plot, British police made the conventional, and accurate, declaration that the police service knows that the terrorists are not representative of the overwhelming majority of the law-abiding Muslim community who have stated their total rejection of violence and terrorism. But even if violent extremism attracts only a small minority of European Muslims, the potential scale of terrorist violence is still impressive. After all, mounting a serious terrorist campaign need not involve many committed activists....

To the reader

The situation changed when the horrible terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York and Washington awakened the population of the western world and opened their eyes for the aggressive elements in Islam and the presence and expansion of Islamic influence worldwide. Soon they made them reflect about violence in religion as such. In many conflicts religion is involved, in Palestine and the Near East, in many African countries, in Indonesia, in India and Pakistan. But in all its ambivalence religion is not dying. It is changing its appearances, it is true, but by no means can religion be considered a merely private affair, since its impact on public life can hardly be denied. In this sense the overall situation is rapidly changing. However, we are not living in the world of one religion anymore, the one to which we belong. Different religions are competing with each other, and we have to learn to deal with a plurality of religions which are calling for our reaction. That leads to...

The arms trade

The supply and transfer of weapons is widely felt to be reprehensible, but arguments to this effect are often weak. It is said that scarce resources are wasted on weapons, but this is to forget that the arms trade is driven by demand rather than supply. It is insecure States and weak rebels who seek to buy weapons and it is not obvious how to put a price on the 'security' that they seek. From a just war perspective, however, certain crisp observations suggest themselves. First, the tradition's concern for legitimacy works against covert actions such as State-sponsored terrorism and secret arms deals. If the State's actions are honourable, why should they be secret There is rarely a good answer. Second, whoever puts a lethal weapon into the hand of another, especially the hand of one with such a dubious record as that of many a state or rebel movement, should surely beware of becoming an accessory to murder. Third, there are simple guidelines which could easily impose tight and...

Making Militants

The new sense of global jihad also inspired other revolutionary movements that would have a still more direct and more acute effect on Europe, and who often formed tactical alliances with each other. One was the Egyptian-derived Takfir wal Hijra, which is commonly a missing link in discussions of European terrorism and subversion, and the group's members surface repeatedly in militant networks. Part of their appeal lies in their antinomian ideology, their sense that normal moral restrictions can be abandoned for the sake of achieving the The Algerian war of the 1990s also inspired revolutionary ideas across the Islamic world in Europe and elsewhere while fleeing militants carried the war outside Algeria itself. By the mid-decade, Algerian militants were launching attacks in France, activities that, if not actually undertaken in the name of al-Qaeda, differed little from the post-9- 11 campaigns. In 1995, the Algerian GIA undertook a ferocious series of bombings on French soil, mainly...