The Revolution Begins

On March 15, 1917, Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated under revolutionary pressures, naming as regent Grand Duke Michael, until his son came of age.

Not reproduced here is the communication, the very next day from Secretary of State Lansing telling Ambassador Francis to call on Milyukov, Foreign Affairs Minister of the new government, and to "state that the Government of the United States recognizes the new Government of Russia," to which Ambassador to Russia Francis replied that he had arranged to turn out his entire staff "in full uniform" to recognize the revolutionary regime.

Also omitted here are reports showing the Premiership of Prince Lvov, a sop to the royalty-adoring Russians.

All party functions of the Left had unitedly put over the revolution and this interim regime was to be short-lived, indeed.

Four days after the Czar's abdication, Ambassador Francis stated: "Financial aid now from America would be a master stroke, immeasurably important to the Jews that revolution succeed." (State Dept. - Exhibit 244)

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