Moving a Door

One gem concerns the weighty problem of the door key which the "shabbos goy," or a Sabbath gentile, is carrying home for you so that the Jew is spared that "labor. "

The Talmud rule is that you cannot move goods from one category of property to another; from private to public property or from what is neither public or private, on the Sabbath. Your doorstep is neither public nor private. The street or sidewalk outside the doorstep is public; your house inside is private. Therefore, says the Talmud, you must have the "goy" not only insert your key in the lock, but push the door in as, otherwise, if you pushed the door in with the key in it, you would be moving the key from property neither public nor private (the sill) to the inside of the house (private property).

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