Explanation And Scriptural Basis A The Meaning of Inerrancy

We will not at this point repeat the arguments concerning the authority of Scripture that were given in chapter 4. There it was argued that all the words in the Bible are God's words, and that therefore to disbelieve or disobey any word in Scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God. It was argued further that the Bible clearly teaches that God cannot lie or speak falsely (2 Sam. 7 28 Titus 1 2 Heb. 6 18). Therefore, all the words in Scripture are claimed to be completely true and without error...

Sections in Evangelical Systematic Theologies

Anglican (Episcopalian) 1882-92 Litton (no explicit treatment) 1930 Thomas, 258-60 2. Arminian (Wesleyan or Methodist) 1983 Carter, 1 288-89 1976-83 Henry, 1 17-29 2 91-123 4 494-522 6 360-69 1983-85 Erickson, 153-74 1987-94 Lewis Demarest, 1 59-92 4. Dispensational 1947 Chafer, 1 48-60 1559 Calvin, 1 69-74, 838-49 (1.6 3.19.6-16) 7. Renewal (or charismatic Pentecostal) 1988-92 Williams, 33-36, 239-41

Moral Attributes

The goodness of God means that God is the final standard of good, and that all that God is and does is worthy of approval. In this definition we find a situation similar to the one we faced in defining God as the true God. Here, good can be understood to mean worthy of approval, but we have not answered the question, approval by whom In one sense, we can say that anything that is truly good should be worthy of approval by us. But in a more ultimate sense, we are not free to decide by...

Science

At various times in history, Christians have found themselves dissenting from the accepted findings of contemporary science. In the vast majority of cases, sincere Christian faith and strong trust in the Bible have led scientists to the discovery of new facts about God's universe, and these discoveries have changed scientific opinion for all of subsequent history. The lives of Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Blaise Pascal, Robert Boyle, Michael Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell, and...

Introduction to Systematic Theology

What is systematic theology Why should Christians study it How should we study it EXPLANATION AND SCRIPTURAL BASIS A. Definition of Systematic Theology What is systematic theology Many different definitions have been given, but for the purposes of this book the following definition will be used Systematic theology is any study that answers the question, What does the whole Bible teach us today about any given topic1 This definition indicates that systematic theology involves collecting and...

Questions For Personal Application

These questions at the end of each chapter focus on application to life. Because I think doctrine is to be felt at the emotional level as well as understood at the intellectual level, in many chapters I have included some questions about how a reader feels regarding a point of doctrine. I think these questions will prove quite valuable for those who take the time to reflect on them. 1. In what ways (if any) has this chapter changed your understanding of what systematic theology is What was your...

The Bible Frequently Affirms Its Own Clarity

The Bible's clarity and the responsibility of believers generally to read it and understand it are often emphasized. In a very familiar passage, Moses tells the people of Israel And these words which I command you this day shall be upon your heart and you shall teach them diligently to your children and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise. (Deut. 6 6-7) All the people of Israel were expected to be able to...

Bibliography

For an explanation of this bibliography see the note on the bibliography to chapter 1, p. 38. Complete bibliographical data may be found on pp. 1223-29. Sections in Evangelical Systematic Theologies 1. Anglican Episcopalian 1882-92 Litton no explicit treatment 2. Arminian Wesleyan or Methodist 1875-76 Pope, 1 242-48 1892-94 Miley, 1 137-58 1983- Cottrell, 1 1-47, 306-87 1987-90 Oden, 1 317-74 1767 Gill, 2 352-64 1887 Boyce, 8-54 1917 Mullins, 35-48 1976-83 Henry, 2 17-167, 247-334 5 375-409...

We Can Never Fully Understand

Because God is infinite and we are finite or limited, we can never fully understand God. In this sense God is said to be incomprehensible where the term incomprehensible is used with an older and less common sense, unable to be fully understood. This sense must be clearly distinguished from the more common meaning, unable to be understood. It is not true to say that God is unable to be understood, but it is true to say that he cannot be understood fully or exhaustively. Psalm 145 says, Great is...

Yet We Can Know God Truly

Even though we cannot know God exhaustively, we can know true things about God. In fact, all that Scripture tells us about God is true. It is true to say that God is love 1 John 4 8 , that God is light 1 John 1 5 , that God is spirit John 4 24 , that God is just or righteous Rom. 3 26 , and so forth. To say this, does not imply or require that we know everything about God or about his love or his righteousness or any other attribute. When I say that I have three sons, that statement is entirely...

Practical Applications of the Sufficiency of Scripture

The doctrine of the sufficiency of Scripture has several practical applications to our Christian lives. The following list is intended to be helpful but not exhaustive. 1. The sufficiency of Scripture should encourage us as we try to discover what God would have us to think about a particular doctrinal issue or to do in a particular situation . We should be encouraged that everything God wants to tell us about that question is to be found in Scripture. This does not mean that the Bible answers...

Explanation And Scriptural Basis

The authority of Scripture means that all the words in Scripture are God's words in such a way that to disbelieve or disobey any word of Scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God. This definition may now be examined in its various parts. A. All the Words in Scripture Are God's Words 1. This Is What the Bible Claims for Itself. There are frequent claims in the Bible that all the words of Scripture are God's words as well as words that were written down by men .1 In the Old Testament, this is...

The Canon of Scripture

What belongs in the Bible and what does not belong EXPLANATION AND SCRIPTURAL BASIS The previous chapter concluded that it is especially the written words of God in the Bible to which we are to give our attention. Before we can do this, however, we must know which writings belong in the Bible and which do not. This is the question of the canon of Scripture, which may be defined as follows The canon of Scripture is the list of all the books that belong in the Bible. We must not underestimate the...