The word throne comes from Gpovoq (used fifty times) and from (appearing once, Acts 12:21). For the other passages with see Matthew 27:19; John 19:13; Acts 18:12, 16-17; 25:6, 10, 17; Romans 14:10; 2 Corinthians 5:10, all of which render it "judgment seat." Compare Kpit^piov in James 2:6—"tribunal of judgment."

The various thrones of Scripture to be distinguished are those—

1. Of God (Matt. 5:34; Acts 7:49; Rev. 4:2). His government is like a mountain eminence (Isa. 2:2). There Christ is seated for the present (Heb. 8:1; Rev. 3:21).

2. Of David (2 Sam. 7:16; Ps. 89:36; Luke 1:32). This is the earthly throne to which Christ has fallen heir and on which He will yet be seated (Ps. 2:6). Note its literal, earthly, and eternal character in Scripture. A throne of glory it is for Him (Matt. 19:28; 25:31). The Church will be seated with Christ on His throne (Rev. 3:21) .

3. Of Christian Appraisal. This judgment seat of Christ (Rom. 14:10; 1 Cor. 3:9-15; 2 Cor. 5:10) is needed to appraise the service which believers have rendered.

5. Of Satan (Rev. 2:13—'seat' renders Gpovoq; cf. Matt. 12:26; Col. 1:16). Note that Satan has an earthly throne.

6. Of the Twelve Apostles (Luke 22:30).

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