Security as a doctrine comprehends only the continuation of salvation for those who are saved. It should be distinguished accordingly from the doctrine of assurance. Also, it has no relation to the unregenerate person or mere professor.
While Arminians make much of Christian experience as the proof of insecurity, they do employ a few Scriptures in addition. These are subject to the following classification: a. Passages dispensationally misapplied: Ezekiel 33:7-8; Matthew 18:23-35; 24:13. b. Passages related to false teachers of the last days of the Church: 1 Timothy 4:1-3; 2 Peter 2:1-22; Jude 1:17-19. c. Passages related to no more than moral reformation: Luke 11:24-26, for example. d. Passages related to profession which is proved to be such by its fruits: John 8:31; 15:6; 1 Corinthians 15:1-2; Hebrews 3:6, 14; James 2:14-26; 2 Peter 1:10; 1 John 3:10. e. Passages containing admonition of various kinds: Matthew 25:1-13; Hebrews 6:4-9; 10:26-31. f. Passages related to the loss of rewards, walking in the dark, and chastisement: John 15:2; 1 Corinthians 3:15; 9:27; 11:27-32; Colossians 1:21-23; 1 John 1:5-9; 5:16. g. Passages related to falling from grace: Galatians 5:4, for instance.
The positive doctrine of security is based upon twelve undertakings of God for His people, four of which are related to the Father, four to the Son, and four to the Spirit.
1. Undertakings Related to the Father: (a) the sovereign purpose or covenant of God, which is unconditional (cf. John 3:16; 5:24; 6:37), (b) the infinite power of God set free to save and keep (cf. John 10:29; Rom. 4:21; 8:31, 38-39; 14:4; Eph. 1:19-21; 3:20; Phil. 3:21; 2 Tim. 1:12; Heb. 7:25; Jude 1:24), (c) the infinite love of God (cf. Rom. 5:7-10; Eph. 1:4), and (d) the influence on the Father of the prayer of the Son of God (cf. John 17:9-12, 15, 20).
2. Undertakings Related to the Son: (a) His substitutionary death (cf. Rom. 8:1; 1 John 2:2), (b) His resurrection, securing a resurrection unto life for believers (John 3:16; 10:28; Eph. 2:6), (c) His advocacy in heaven (cf. Rom. 8:34; Heb. 9:24; 1 John 2:1-2), (d) His shepherdhood and intercession (cf. John 17:1-26; Rom. 8:34; Heb. 7:23-25).
3. Undertakings Related to the Spirit: (a) regeneration (partaking of the divine nature is entrance into that which cannot be removed; cf. John 1:13; 3:3-6; Titus 3:4-6; 1 Pet. 1:23; 2 Pet. 1:4; 1 John 3:9), (b) indwelling (He is given to abide forever and certainly by His presence the believer will be preserved; cf. John 7:37-39; Rom. 5:5; 8:9; 1 Cor. 2:12; 6:19; 1 John 2:27), (c) baptism (by which the believer is joined to Christ so as to share eternally in the New Creation glory and blessing; cf. 1 Cor. 6:17; 12:13; Gal. 3:27), and (d) sealing (Eph. 1:13-14; 4:30).
Anyone of the twelve undertakings is sufficient to guarantee eternal security to the believer. There is no true distinction indeed between salvation and safekeeping, for God offers no salvation at the present time which is not eternal. When rightly understood, the effect of this doctrine of security will be such as to promote a holy life (cf. 1 John 2:1).
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