The Greek for regeneration is naAiYyeveoia (ndAiv, 'again, once more' and Yeveoiq, 'birth, creation').
The general use of the word (i.e., of the noun as such) is found concerning the kingdom only in Matthew 19:28 and concerning those regenerated by the Spirit only in Titus 3:5 (cf. Ezek. 37:1-10; Matt. 17:11; John 1:13; 3:6-7; Acts 3:21; Rom. 8:21; 1 Cor. 15:27; 1 Pet. 1:3, 23; 1 John 2:29; 3:9; 4:7; 5:1, 4, 18; Rev. 21:1).
The doctrine of individual regeneration is obscure in the Old Testament, but in the New Testament it becomes definite (John 3:1-6). Regeneration proves to be the imparting of the divine nature (cf. Titus 3:5; 1 Pet. 1:23; 2:2). All believers, then, have divine sonship (Gal. 3:26, R.V.).
Five facts concerning the nature of regeneration need to be stated: (1) a new life has been thereby begotten which is eternal; (2) that life is the divine nature; (3) the believer is begotten by the Spirit; (4) God the Father becomes his legitimate Father; (5) therefore, all believers are heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ. On the human side, regeneration is conditioned simply on faith (John 1:12-13; Gal. 3:26).
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