Preaching is referred to 20 times in the Old Testament and 250 times in the New Testament. It may be defined as that service wherein man is entrusted with the proclamation of God's message to men. It is the present-day method, with its ramifications, of completing "all that Jesus began both to do and teach" (Acts 1:1).
Ephesians 4:11 contemplates several distinct forms of preaching in this age: apostle (anoaxoXoq, used 80 times), prophet (npo^Tnq, used 160 times), evangelist (euaYYeAior^, used 3 times), pastor (or shepherd, noi^v, used 17 times), and teacher (5i5aoKaAoq, used 60 times). Pastor and teacher, however, seem to designate one and the same ministry.
There are various gospels or messages in Scripture, of course: (1) that of the kingdom (Matt. 4:23 ff.), (2) of God (Rom. 1:1, 15), (3) of Christ (Rom. 1:16; 15:19 ff.), (4) of peace (Rom. 10:15), (5) of grace (Acts 20:24), (6) of salvation (Eph. 1:13), and (7) one called "everlasting" (Rev. 14:6).
There are six words in the New Testament meaning to speak, preach, or proclaim: (1) SiaYyeAAw (Luke 9:60); (2) SiaAeYo^ai (Acts 17:2); (3) euaYYeAiZw (Acts 8:40); (4) KataYYeAAw (Acts 15:36); (5) K^puGGw (Rom. 10:8); (6) AaAew (Matt. 10:19; in all, used 210 times), the more general words being AaAew, 'to speak'; K^puoow, 'to herald'; and euaYYeAiZ«, 'to evangelize.' In contradistinction, according to their distinctive natures, the kingdom gospel is heralded (K^puoow); the good news of salvation preached (euaYYeAiZ«).
According to Ephesians 4:12 all believers are called upon to "preach" or deliver the good news somehow. It is "the work of the ministry," to be sure, for which the pastor and teacher is meant to equip them (John 17:18; 2 Cor. 5:18-20).
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