Numbers

From all indications certain numbers are significant as they have been occasionally used in Scripture. One denotes unity (Eph. 4:3-6). Two denotes diversity or difference one from another—"two witnesses," "doubletongued" (1 Tim. 3:8; Rev. 11:3), etc. Three relates to things sacred and things of heaven, as for example three heavens and three persons of the Godhead (Matt. 28:19; 2 Cor. 12:2). It is one of the numbers suggesting completeness. Four speaks of the earth and creative works; for instance, the four points of the compass, the four phases of the moon, the four seasons, and the four corners of the earth (Rev. 7:1; 20:8). Five appears to be of divine grace (5 offerings of Lev. 1-7). Six is a human number, as may be seen from the six days of creation, man's work week of six days, or 666 in Revelation 13:18. Seven is the second number to suggest fullness or completion (not, perfection), e.g., Revelation 1:4. Its multiples (also its half) are: 7*2 or 14, which intimates genealogy (Matt. 1:17); 70 (Luke 10:1); 70*7 (Matt. 18:22); 77 (Gen. 4:24); 7*7 or 49, which led to the year of jubilee (Lev. 25:8 ff.); 3^, which is also expressed by the phraseology "a time, and times, and half a time" (Rev. 11:9; 12:14). Seven appears in all parts of divine revelation—with special significance in Genesis 36 times, in Exodus 17 times, in Leviticus 20 times, in Numbers 23 times, in Deuteronomy 14 times, in John 7 times, in Ephesians 9 times, and in Revelation 29 times. Eight may be the number of resurrection, of the putting off of the flesh by circumcision (Gen. 17:12; Matt. 28:1). Nine seems to be the number suggesting finality of judgment or 3*3 (Gen. 17:1). Ten is the third number to intimate completeness and indeed is the beginning of a new series of numerals (Matt. 25:1). Eleven signifies disorder, because it stands for 12 minus 1 (Acts 1:26). Twelve is the fourth and last number of completeness. It indicates election, e.g., 12 tribes, 12 apostles, 12*2 or 24, which yields the number of elders seated round about the throne (Gen. 49:28; Matt. 10:2; Rev. 4:4). Thirteen is perhaps the number of calamity (Gen. 14:4). The number 2520 is the most remarkable number of all to be considered. It is the product of the four completeness numbers (3, 7, 10, 12) taken together, and the lowest common denominator for all ten digits, as it can be divided by all or any of them. It indeed is a most complete chronological number, being 7*360 (Dan. 9:25).

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