Mediation

A major aspect of Christology, the doctrine of mediation is spoken of as such only once in the Old Testament (Job 9:33) and six times in the New Testament—Galatians 3:19-20; 1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 8:6; 9:15; 12:24. Mediation is the work of one who reconciles persons at variance with one another. Sin set man at odds with God. An "at-one-ment" based upon divine satisfaction was therefore required. Accordingly, "there is one ... mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus" (1 Tim. 2:5). The fact of His two natures is required for such a responsibility. In Him both Deity and humanity do meet, of course, and in Him the full representation of each is secured or perfected. He must be a sinless man on whom no charge rests, first of all, otherwise He needs a mediator Himself. He must be actually God likewise, not a mere agent of representation. Job's "daysman" then is the precise thought—one who has a right to lay His hand on God in behalf of man and to lay His hand on man in behalf of God. This indeed was Job's cry of appeal unto God, according to Job 9:33.

The mediation of Christ is to be observed in three aspects. (1) As a prophet (Heb. 1:1 ff.). Here He represents God to man. (2) As a priest. Here He especially represents man to God (Heb. 9:15). (3) As a king (Ps. 2). In this particular He reigns as God's choice of king over the earth. His kingdom will be mediatorial, in which time every enemy must be destroyed, even death. That kingdom reign lasts forever and forever (1 Cor. 15:24-28). Christ is the Interpreter of God to man and the Door of access for man to God (John 1:18; 10:7).

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