As the human head governs the body to which it belongs, so authority is vested in the headship relation wherever it exists.
1. Christ sustains at least five such relations, as: (a) Head of the corner (Acts 4:11; 1 Pet. 2:7). See Ephesians 2:19-22, where the whole company of believers is seen as a building of God, Christ being the Headstone of the corner. (b) Head over every man (1 Cor. 11:3; cf. Eph. 5:23). Whether recognized or admitted by men, Christ is ruling over all of them. To Him they must one day render an account. (c) Head over,the mystic Body of Christ, the Church (Eph. 4:15; Col. 1:18; 2:19). This figure is used more than any other to represent the service and manifestation of Christ by or through the members of His Body. (d) Head over the Bride (Eph. 5:23-33). Here again the Church is in view with a unique relationship, which relationship is to be realized fully after the marriage of the Lamb. (e) Head of principalities and powers (Eph. 1:21; Col. 2:10). Christ has universal authority over all angelic hosts.
2. The Head of Christ is God (1 Cor. 11:3). The authority which Christ exercises was given Him by the Father (John 5:27; Acts 17:31; 1 Cor. 15:25-28).
3. Adam is the natural head of the race, which race fell in him (Rom. 5:12).
4. Christ ranks as Head over the New Creation, which creation is in Him and partakes of His resurrection life (Eph. 1:19-23).
5. Man is head over the woman (1 Cor. 11:3; Eph. 5:23). Exceptions due to personalities and unusual situations make this a difficult phase in the doctrine of headship. Nevertheless, by divine arrangement the man is set over the woman in authority and conditions are never happy when this divine order has been ignored. The woman is not made with ability to exercise authority and often becomes eccentric or out of balance.
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