Anthropology

Like Angelology, Anthropology is a major division of Systematic Theology and has had its due treatment in an earlier portion of this work (Vol. II). As a review of some salient features of the subject, certain truths may be restated.

1. As a Modern Science in secular education Anthropology is treated wholly apart from Biblical revelation, having in view only man's development and achievements. Whatever is said respecting man's origin is from an evolutionary point of view and nothing is included relative to spiritual values or man's destiny. Biblical Anthropology enters a much wider field, then, and contemplates important considerations.

2. The Origin of Man, according to the stand taken by intrabiblical Anthropology, is accepted as declared in Genesis and as incorporated in all subsequent Scriptures, namely, that man is a direct creation of God. To deny the Genesis account is not only a denial of that portion of God's revelation, but becomes a fostering and sustaining of unbelief respecting every word God has spoken.

3. Man Made in the Image and Likeness of God. This is the unqualified declaration of the Bible. It therefore follows that God may be known somewhat with regard to the character of His Being by that which man is, apart from that in man which the fall has engendered. The comparisons thus drawn must be restricted to spiritual, rather than supposed physical, divine characteristics.

4. The Material Part of Man was a direct creation from existing substances.

5. The Immaterial Part of Man was breathed into him as the very breath of God and thus he became a living soul.

6. The Fall of Man was accomplished through the design and influence of Satan. The sin which caused the fall of man was not only suggested by Satan, but was the identical form of it which Satan had himself followed and by which he fell from that high estate into which he was placed by creation, namely, acting independently of God through disobedience and thus repudiating all divine right and authority over himself (cf. Gen. 3:5; Isa. 14:12-14).

7. The Fall and Its Penality are visited upon the whole human family. That penalty to which spiritual death is due is transmitted mediately from parent to child, while the penalty of physical death is imputed immediately from Adam to each individual member of his race, the divine reckoning being that each member of the race was seminally in Adam when the first man sinned and therefore each member shared in that sin. This reckoning of Adam's sin to his race is a real imputation, rather than a judicial imputation. This divine principle of reckoning is clearly indicated in Hebrews 7:9-10, where Levi, who as a priest was supported by the tithes of the people, did, nevertheless, pay tithes when Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek since he was as a great grandson in the loins of father Abraham.

8. God Has Moved in the direction of a cure for man's lost estate. The terms upon which this cure may be received are as definite as any can be. He who in the beginning disobeyed God and sinned is called upon to obey the gospel of God's grace. In the present age the salvation which God offers is unto a place in the highest glory and in no way to be compared with that estate of innocence from which Adam fell.

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