(a) The divine efficiency interpenetrates that of man without destroying or absorbing it. The influx of God?s sustaining energy is such that men retain their natural faculties and powers. God does not work all, but all in all.
Preservation, then, is midway between the two errors of denying the first cause (deism or atheism) and denying the second causes (continuous creation or pantheism). <461206>1 Corinthians 12:6 ? ?there are diversities of workings, but the same God, who worketh all things in all?; cf. <490123> Ephesians 1:23 ? the church, ?which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all.? God?s action is no actio in distans, or action where he is not. It is rather action in and through free agents, in the case of
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