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Balfour, Foundations of Belief 22 ? ?There must be implicitly present to primitive man the sense of freedom, since his fetichism largely consists in attributing to inanimate objects the spontaneity which he finds in himself.? Freedom does not contradict conservation of energy. Professor Lodge, in Nature, March 26, 1891 ? ?Although expenditure of energy is needed to increase the speed of Matter, none is needed to alter its direction. The rails that guide a train do not propel it nor do they retard it; they have no essential effect upon its energy but a guiding effect.? J. J. Murphy, Nat. Selection and Spir. Freedom, 170-203 ? ?Will does not create force but directs it. A very small force is able to guide the action of a great one, as in the steering of a modern steamship.? James Seth, in Philos. Rev., 3:285, 286 ? ?As life is not energy but a determiner of the paths of energy, so the will is a cause, in the sense that it controls and directs the channels which activity shall take.? See also James Seth, Ethical Principles, 345-388 and Freedom as Ethical Postulate, 9 ? ?The philosophical proof of freedom must be the demonstration of the inadequacy of the categories of science: its philosophical disproof must be the demonstration of the adequacy of such scientific categories.? Shadworth Hodgson: ?Either liberty is true and then the categories are insufficient or the categories are sufficient and then liberty is a delusion.? Wagner is the composer of determinism; there is no freedom or guilt; action is the result of influence and environment; a mysterious fate rules all. Life: ?The views upon heredity Of scientists remind one That, shape one?s conduct as one may, One?s future is behind one.?

We trace willing in God back, not to motives and antecedents, but to his infinite personality. If man is made in God?s image, why we may not trace man?s willing also back, not to motives and antecedents, but to his finite personality? We speak of God?s fiat, but we may speak of man?s fiat also. Napoleon: ?There shall be no Alps!? Dutch William III: ?I may fall, but shall fight every ditch, and die in the last one!? When God energizes the will, it becomes indomitable. <500413>Philippians 4:13 ? ?I can do all things in him that strengtheneth me.? Dr. E. G. Robinson was theoretically a determinist and wrongly held that the highest conceivable freedom is to act out one?s own nature. He regarded the will as only the nature in movement. Will is self-determining, not in the sense that will determines the self but in the sense that self determines the will. The will cannot be compelled, for unless self-determined it is no longer will. Observation, history and logic, he thought, lead to necessitarianism. But consciousness, he conceded, testifies to freedom. Consciousness must be trusted, though we cannot reconcile the two. The will is as great a mystery as is the doctrine of the Trinity. Volition, he says, is often directly in the face of the

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