Peter, Introduction, 14 ? ?He was a stone, one with that rock with which he was now joined by an indissoluble union.? But others come to be associated with him. <490220>Ephesians 2:20 ? ?built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief Cornerstone?; Revelations 21:14 ? ?And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.? <441507>Acts 15:7-30 ? the Council of Jerusalem. <480201>Galatians 2:1l ? ?But when Cephas came to Antioch, I resisted him to the face, because he stood condemned?; <600501>1 Pet 5:1 ? ?The elders therefore among you I exhort, who am a fellow elder.?
Here it should be remembered that three things were necessary to constitute an apostle. He must have seen Christ after his resurrection so as to be a witness to the fact that Christ had risen from the dead. He must be a worker of miracles to certify that he was Christ?s messenger. He must be an inspired teacher of Christ?s truth so that his final utterances are the very word of God. In <451607>Romans 16:7 ? ?Salute Andronicus and Junias my kinsmen, and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles? means simply, who are highly esteemed among, or by, the apostles.? Barnabas is called an apostle, in the etymological sense of a messenger: <441302>Acts 13:2, 3 ? ?Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away?; <580301>Hebrews 3:1 ? ?consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus.? In this latter sense, the number of the apostles was not limited to twelve.
Protestants err in denying the reference in <401618>Matthew 16:18 to Peter: Christ recognizes Peter?s personality in the founding of his kingdom. But Romanists equally err in ignoring Peter?s confession as constituting him the ?rock.? Creeds and confessions alone will never convert the world; they need to be embodied in living personalities in order to save. This is the grain of correct doctrine in Romanism. On the other hand, men without a faith, which they are willing to confess at every cost, will never convert the world. There must be a substance of doctrine with regard to sin and with regard to Christ as the divine Savior from sin; this is the just contention of Protestantism. Baptist doctrine combines the merits of both systems. It has both personality and confession. It is not hierarchical but experiential. It insists, not upon abstractions but upon life. Truth without a body is as powerless as a body without truth. A flag without an army is even worse than an army is without a flag. Phillips Brooks: ?The truth of God working through the personality of man has been the salvation of the world.? Pascal: ?Catholicism is a church without a religion; Protest-
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