was given by the rough and coarse doctrine of Arius, upon which the conclusion arrived at in the Council of Nice followed as rapidly as in chilled water the crystals of ice will sometimes form when the containing vessel receives a blow.? Balfour, Foundations of Belief, 287 ? ?The creeds were not explanations, but rather denials that the Arian and Gnostic explanations were sufficient, and declarations that they irremediably impoverished the idea of the Godhead. They insisted on preserving that idea in all its inexplicable fullness.? Denny, Studies in Theology, 192 ? ?Pagan philosophies tried to capture the church for their own ends, and to turn it into a school. In self-defense the church was compelled to become somewhat of a school on its own account. It had to assert its facts; it had to define its ideas; it had to interpret in its own way those facts which men were misinterpreting.?

Professor Howard Osgood: ?A creed is like a backbone. A man does not need to wear his backbone in front of him; but he must have a backbone, and a straight one, or he will be a flexible if not a humpbacked Christian.? Yet we must remember that creeds are credita , and not credenda ; historical statements of what the church has believed. not infallible prescriptions of what the church must believe. George Dana Boardman, The Church, 98 ? ?Creeds are apt to become cages.? Schurman, Agnosticism, 151 ? ?The creeds were meant to be defensive fortifications of religion; alas, that they should have sometimes turned their artillery against the citadel itself.? T. H.. Green: ?We are told that we must be loyal to the beliefs of the Fathers. Yes, but who knows what the Fathers believe now?? George A. Gordon, Christ of Today. 60 ? ?The assumption that the Holy Spirit is not concerned in the development of theological thought, nor manifest in the intellectual evolution of mankind, is the superlative heresy of our generation The metaphysics of Jesus are absolutely essential to his ethics... If his thought is a dream, his endeavor for man is a delusion.? See Schaff, Creeds of Christendom, 1:8, 15, 16; Storrs, Div. Origin of Christianity, 121; Ian Maclaren (John Watson), Cure of Souls, 152; Frederick Harrison, in Fortnightly Rev., Jan. 1889.

(e) In the direct and indirect injunctions of Scripture. The Scripture urges upon us the thorough and comprehensive study of the truth ( <430539>John 5:39, margin, ? ?Search the Scriptures?), the comparing and harmonizing of its different parts ( <460213>1 Corinthians 2:13 ? ?comparing spiritual things with spiritual?), the gathering of all about the great central fact of revelation ( <510127>Colossians 1:27 ? ?which is Christ in you, the hope of glory? ), the preaching of it in its wholeness as well as in its due proportions ( <550402>2

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