shall be non-Presidents. It is needless to apply contrivance or force. Sinners, if simply let alone will, like water, run down hill to ruin. The decree of reprobation is simply a decree to do nothing ? a decree to leave the sinner to himself. The natural result of this judicial forsaking, on the part of God, is the hardening and destruction of the sinner. But it must not be forgotten that this hardening and destruction are not due to any positive efficiency of God, they are a self-hardening and a self-destruction and God?s judicial forsaking is only the just penalty of the sinner?s guilty rejection of offered mercy.

See <281108>Hosea 11:8 ? ?How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? heart is turned within me, my compassions are kindled together?; 4:17 ? ?Ephraim is joined to idols; let him alone?; <450922>Romans 9:22, 23 ? ?What if God, willing to show his wrath and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction: and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory? ? here notice that ?which he afore prepared? declares a positive divine efficiency, in the case of the vessels of mercy, while ?fitted unto destruction? intimates no such positive agency of God, the vessels of wrath fitted themselves for destruction; <550220>2 Timothy 2:20 ? ?vessels...some unto honor, and some unto dishonor?; <600208>1 Peter 2:8 ? ?they stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed?; Jude 4 ? ?who were of old set forth [?written of beforehand? ? Am. Rev.] unto this condemnation?; <402534>Matthew 25:34, 41 ? ?the kingdom prepared for you...the eternal fire which is prepared [not for you nor for men, but] for the devil and his angels? = there is an election to life, but no reprobation to death; a ?book of life ?(Revelations 21:27), but no book of death.

E. G. Robinson, Christian Theology, 313 ? ?Reprobation, in the sense of absolute predestination to sin and eternal damnation, is neither a sequence of the doctrine of election, nor the teaching of the Scriptures.? Men are not ?appointed? to disobedience and stumbling in the same way that they are ?appointed? to salvation. God uses positive means to save, but not to destroy. Henry Ward Beecher: ?The elect are whosoever will, the non- elect are whosoever won?t? George A. Gordon, New Epoch for Faith, 44 ? ?Election understood would have been the saving strength of Israel; election misunderstood was its ruin. The nation felt that the election of it meant the rejection of other nations. The Christian church has repeated Israel?s mistake.?

The Westminster Confession reads: ?By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angels are predestinated unto

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