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A. It is essential to any proper theism.

Neither God?s independence nor God?s blessedness can be maintained upon grounds of absolute unity. Anti-Trinitarianism almost necessarily makes creation indispensable to God?s perfection, tends to a belief in the eternity of matter, and ultimately leads, as in Mohammedanism, and in modern Judaism and Unitarianism, to Pantheism. ?Love is an impossible exercise to a solitary being.? Without Trinity we cannot hold to a living Unity in the Godhead.

Brit. and For. Evang. Rev., Jan. 1882:35-63 ? ?The problem is to find a perfect objective, congruous and fitting, for a perfect intelligence, and the answer is: ?a perfect intelligence.? The author of this article quotes James Martineau, the Unitarian philosopher, as follows: ?There is only one resource left for completing the needful objectivity for God, viz., to admit in some form the coeval existence of matter, as the condition or medium of the divine agency or manifestation. Failing the proof [of the absolute origination of matter] we are left with the divine cause, and the material condition of all nature, in eternal co-presence and relation, as supreme object and rudimentary object.? See also Martineau, Study, 1:405 ? ?in denying that a plurality of self-existences is possible, I mean to speak only of self-existent causes. A self-existence which is not a cause is by no means excluded, so far as I can see, by a self-existence which is a cause; nay, is even required for the exercise of its causality.? Here we see that Martineau?s Unitarianism logically drove him into Dualism. But God?s blessedness, upon this principle, requires not merely an eternal universe but an infinite universe, for nothing less will afford fit object for an infinite idea. Yet a God who is necessarily bound to the universe, or by whose side a universe, which is not himself, eternally exists, is not infinite, independent, or free. The only exit from this difficulty is in denying God?s self-consciousness and self-determination, or in other words, exchanging our theism for dualism, and our dualism for pantheism.

E. H. Johnson, in Bibliotheca Sacra, July, 1892:379, quotes from Oxenham?s Catholic Doctrine of the Atonement, 108, 109 ? ?Forty years ago James Martineau wrote to George Macdonald: ?Neither my intellectual preference nor my moral admiration goes heartily with the Unitarian heroes, sects or productions, of any age. Ebionites, Arians, Socinians, all seem to me to contrast unfavorably with their opponents, and co-exhibit a type of thought far less worthy, on the whole, of the true genius of Christianity.? In his paper entitled A Way out of the Unitarian

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