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concupiscence, and the newborn child would have attained perfection at birth. Albertus Magnus thought the first man would have felt no pain even though he had been stoned with heavy stones. Scotus Erigena held that the male and female elements were yet undistinguished. Others called sexuality the first sin. Jacob Boehme regarded the intestinal canal, and all connected with it, as the consequence of the Fall. He had the fancy that the earth was transparent at the first and cast no shadow ? sin, he thought, had made it opaque and dark; redemption would restore it to its first estate and make night a thing of the past. South, Sermons, 1:24, 25 ? ?Man came into the world a philosopher? Aristotle was but the rubbish of an Adam.? Lyman Abbott tells us of a minister who assured his congregation that Adam was acquainted with the telephone. But God educates his children, as chemists educate their pupils, by putting them into the laboratory and letting them work. Scripture does not represent Adam as a walking encyclopedia, but as a being yet inexperienced; see

<010322> Genesis 3:22 ? ?Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil?; <461546>1 Corinthians 15:46 ? ?that is not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; then that which is spiritual.? On this last text, see Expositor?s Greek Testament.

(c) Dominion over the lower creation. Adam possessed an insight into nature analogous to that of susceptible childhood, and therefore was able to name and to rule the brute creation ( <010219>Genesis 2:19). Yet this native insight was capable of development into the higher knowledge of culture and science. From <010126>Genesis 1:26 ( cf . <190805>Psalm 8:5-8) it has been erroneously inferred that the image of God in man consists in dominion over the brute creation and the natural world. But, in this verse, the words ?let them have dominion? do not define the image of God, but indicate the result of possessing that image. To make the image of God consist in this dominion, would imply that only the divine omnipotence was shadowed forth in man.

<010219> Genesis 2:19 ? ?Jehovah God formed every beast of the field, and every bird of the heavens; and brought them unto the man to see what he would call them?; 20 ? ?And the man gave names to all cattle?;

<010126> Genesis 1:26 ? ?Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens, and over the cattle?; cf . <190805>Psalm 8:5-8 ? ?thou hast made him but little lower than God, And crowned him with glory and honor. Thou makest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, Yea, and the beasts of the field.? Adam?s naming the animals implied insight into their nature;

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