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demanded by God?s attribute of justice, or holiness, if sinners are to be saved.

Priestly mediation: <580911>Hebrews 9:11:12 ? ?Christ having come a high priest nor yet through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, entered in once for all into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption?;

<450510> Romans 5:10 ? ?while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son?; <470518>2 Corinthians 5:18, 19 ? ?all things are of God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ...God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself; not reckoning unto them their trespasses?; <490216>Ephesians 2:16 ? ?might reconcile them both in one body unto God through the cross, having slain the enmity thereby?; cf. 12, 13, 19 ? ?strangers from the covenants of the promise...far off ... no more strangers and sojourners, but ye are fellow- citizens with the saints, and of the household of God?; <510120>Colossians 1:20 ? ?through him to reconcile all things unto himself, having made peace through the blood of his cross.?

On all these passages, see Meyer, who shows the meaning of the apostle to be that ?we were ?enemies,? not actively, as hostile to God, but passively, as those with whom God was angry.? The epistle to the Romans begins with the revelation of wrath against Gentile and Jew alike ( <450118>Romans 1:18). ?While we were enemies? ( <450510>Romans 5:10) = ?when God was hostile to us.? ?Reconciliation? is therefore the removal of God?s wrath toward man. Meyer, on this last passage, says that Christ?s death does not remove man?s wrath toward God [this is not the work of Christ, but of the Holy Spirit]. The offender reconciles the person offended, not himself. See Denney, Com. on <450509>Romans 5:9-11, in Expositor?s Gk. Test.

Cf. <042513>Numbers 25:13, where Phinehas, by slaying Zimri, is said to have ?made atonement for the children of Israel.? Surely, the ?atonement? here cannot be a reconciliation of Israel. The action terminates, not on the subject, but on the object ? God. So, 1Sam. 29:4 ? ?wherewith should this fellow reconcile himself unto his lord? should it not be with the heads of these men?? <400523>Matthew 5:23, 24 ? ?If therefore thou art offering thy gift at the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy brother [i. e., remove his enmity, not thine own], and then come and offer thy gift.? See Shedd, Dogmatic Theology, 2:387-398.

Pfleiderer, Die Ritschl?sche Theologie, 42 ? ? Ecqroi< o[ntev ( <450510>Romans 5:10) = not the active disposition of enmity to God on our

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