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do not determine but they persuade the will, and every man is guilty of conscious personal transgressions, which may, with the help of the Holy Spirit, be brought under the condemning judgment of conscience. Birks, Difficulties of Belief, 169-174 ? ?Original sin does not do away with the significance of personal transgression. Adam was pardoned but some of his descendants are unpardonable. The second death is referred, in Scripture, to our own personal guilt.?

This is not to say that original sin does not involve as great sin as that of Adam in the first transgression, for original sin is the sin of the first transgression. It is only to say that personal transgression is original sin plus the conscious ratification of Adam?s act by the individual. ?We are guilty for what we are, as much as for what we do . Our sin is not simply the sum total of all our sins. There is a sinfulness which is the common denominator of all our sins.? It is customary to speak lightly of original sin, as if personal sins were all for which man is accountable but it is only in the light of original sin that personal sins can be explained.

<201409> Proverbs 14:9, margin ? ?Fools make a mock at sin.? Simon, Reconciliation, 122 ? ?The sinfulness of individual men varies: the sinfulness of humanity is a constant quantity.? Robert Browning, Ferishtah?s Fancies: ?Man lumps his kind i? the mass. God singles thence unit by unit. Thou and God exist ? So think! for certain: Think the mass ? mankind ? Disparts, disperses, leaves thyself alone! Ask thy lone soul what laws are plain to thee, Thou and no other, stand or fall by them! That is the part for thee.?

B. Sins of ignorance and sins of knowledge.

Here guilt is measured by the degree of light possessed, or in other words, by the opportunities of knowledge men have enjoyed and the powers with which they have been naturally endowed. Genius and privilege increase responsibility. The heathen are guilty but those to whom the oracles of God have been committed are guiltier than they are.

<401015> Matthew 10:15 ? ?more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city? <421247>Luke 12:47, 48 ? ?that servant, who knew his Lord?s will...shall he beaten with many stripes; but he that knew not...shall be beaten with few stripes?; 23:34 ? ?Father forgive them for they know not what they do? = complete knowledge would put them beyond the reach of forgiveness. <431911>John 19:11 ? ?he that delivered me unto thee hath greater sin?; <441730>Acts 17:30 ? ?The times of ignorance therefore God overlooked?; <450132>Romans 1:32 ? ?who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practice such

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