3. Man?s emotional and voluntary nature proves the existence of a Being who can furnish in himself a satisfying object of human affection and an end which will call forth man?s highest activities and ensure his highest progress.
Only a Being of power, wisdom, holiness, and goodness, and all these indefinitely greater than any that we know upon the earth, can meet this demand of the human soul. Such a Being must exist. Otherwise man?s greatest need would be unsupplied, and belief in a lie be more productive of virtue than belief in the truth.
Fenerbach calls God ?the Brocken-shadow of man himself?; ?consciousness of God = self-consciousness?; ?religion is a dream of the human soul ?; ?all theology is anthropology?; ?man made God in his own image.? But conscience shows that man does not recognize in God simply his like, but also his opposite. Not as Galton: ?Piety = conscience + instability.? The finest minds are of the leaning type; see Murphy, Scientific Bases, 370; Augustine, Confessions, 1:1 ? ?Thou hast made us for thyself, and our heart is restless till it finds rest in thee.? On John Stuart Mill ? ?a mind that could not find God, and a heart that could not do without him? ? see his Autobiography, and Browne, in Strivings for the Faith (Christ. Ev. Socy.), 259-287. Comte, in his later days, constructed an object of worship in Universal Humanity, and invented a ritual which Huxley calls ?Catholicism minus Christianity.?? See also Tyndall, Belfast Address: ?Did I not believe, said a great man to me once, that an Intelligence exists at the heart of things, my life on earth would be intolerable.? Martineau, Types of Ethical Theory, 1:505, 506.
The last line of Schiller?s Pilgrim reads: ?Und das Dort ist niemals hier.? Time finite never satisfies. Tennyson, Two Voices: ??Tis life, whereof our nerves are scant, Oh life, not death, for which we pant; More life, and fuller, that I want.? Seth, Ethical Principles, 419 ? ?A moral universe, an absolute immoral Being, is the indispensable environment of the ethical life, without which it cannot attain to its perfect growth...There is a moral God, or this is no universe.? James, Will to Believe, 116
? ?A God is the most adequate possible object for minds framed like our own to conceive as lying at the root of the universe. Anything short of God is not a rational object, anything more than God is not possible, if man needs an object of knowledge, feeling, and will.?
Romanes, Thoughts on Religion, 41 ? ?To speak of the Religion of the Unknowable, the Religion of Cosmism, the Religion of Humanity, where
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