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Man fell by willful resistance to the in-working God. Christ is in all men as he was in Adam, and all good impulses are due to him. Since the Holy Spirit is the Christ within, all men are the subjects of his striving. He does not withdraw from them except upon, and in consequence of, them withdrawing from him. John Milton makes the Almighty say of Adam?s sin: ?The fault is whose? No one?s but his own. Ingrate, he had of me All he could have; I made him just and right, Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall. Such I created all the Ethereal Powers, And Spirits, both them who stood and them who failed; Freely they stood who stood, and fell who failed.? The word ?cussedness? has become an apt word here. The Standard Dictionary defines it as ?1. Cursedness, meanness, perverseness; 2. resolute courage, endurance: ?Jim Bludsoe?s voice was heard, And they all had trust in his cussedness And knowed he would keep his word.?? (John Hay, Jim Bludsoe, stanza 6). Not the last, but the first, of these definitions best describes the first sin. The most thorough and satisfactory treatment of the fail of man in connection with the doctrine of evolution is found in Griffith-Jones, Ascent through Christ, 73-240.

Hodge, Essays and Reviews, 30 ? ?There is a broad difference between the commencement of holiness and the commencement of sin and more is necessary for the former than for the latter. An act of obedience, if it is performed under the mere impulse of self-love, is virtually no act of obedience. It is not performed with any intention to obey, for that is holy and cannot, according to the theory, precede the act. But an act of disobedience performed from the desire of happiness, is rebellion. The cases are surely different. If, to please myself, I do what God commands, it is not holiness; but if to please myself, I do what he forbids, it is sin. Besides, no creature is immutable. Though created holy, the taste for holy enjoyments may be overcome by a temptation sufficiently insidious and powerful and a selfish motive or feeling excited in the mind. Neither is a sinful character immutable. By the power of the Holy Spirit, the truth may be clearly presented and so effectually applied as to produce that change which is called regeneration that is, to call into existence a taste for holiness. It is then chosen for its own sake and not as a means of happiness.?

H. B. Smith, System, 262 ? ?The state of the case, as far as we can enter into Adam?s experience, is this: Before the command, there was the state of love without the thought of the opposite. There was a knowledge of good only, a yet unconscious goodness and there was also the knowledge that the eating of the fruit was against the divine command. The temptation aroused pride, the yielding to that was the sin. The change was there. The change was not in the choice as an executive act, nor in the

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