Theol.,362; Illingworth, Div. and Hum. Personality, 114-137; R. T. Smith, Man?s Knowledge of Man and of God, 6; Fisher, Nat. and Method of Rev., 6; William James, The Will to Believe, 1-31; Geo. T.. Ladd, on Lotze?s view that love is essential to the knowledge of God, in New World, Sept. 1895:401-406; Gunsaulus, Transfig. of Christ, 14, 15.
C. Faith, therefore, can furnish, and only faith can furnish, fit and sufficient material for a scientific theology. ? As an operation of man?s higher rational nature, though distinct from ocular vision or from reasoning, faith is not only a kind, but the highest kind, of knowing. It gives us understanding of realities which to sense alone are inaccessible, namely, God?s existence, and some at least of the relations between God and his creation.
Philippi, Glaubenslehre, I:50, follows Gerhard in making faith the joint act of intellect and will. Hopkins, Outline Study of Man, 77, 78, speaks not only of ?the aesthetic reason? but of ?the moral reason.? Murphy, Scientific Bases of Faith, 91:109, 145, 191 ? ?Faith is the certitude concerning matter in which verification is unattainable.? Emerson, Essays, 2:96 ? ?Belief consists in accepting the affirmations of the soul ? unbelief in rejecting them.? Morell, Philos. of Religion, 38, 52, 53, quotes Coleridge: ?Faith consists in the synthesis of the reason and of the individual will, ...and by virtue of the former (that is, reason), faith must be a light, a form of knowing, a beholding of truth.? Faith, then, is not to be pictured as a blind girl clinging to a cross ? faith is not blind ? ?Else the cross may just as well be a crucifix or an image of Gaudama.? ?Blind unbelief?,? not blind faith, ?is sure to err, And scan his works in vain.? As in conscience we recognize an invisible authority, amid know the truth just in proportion to our willingness to ?do the truth,? so in religion only holiness can understand holiness, and only hove can understand love. ( cf .
<430321> John 3:21 ? ?he that doeth the truth cometh to the light?).
If a right state of heart be indispensable to faith and so to the knowledge of God. can there be any ?theologia irregenitorum,? or theology of the unregenerate? Yes, we answer; just as the blind man can leave a science of optics. The testimony of others gives it claims upon him; the dim light penetrating the obscuring membrane corroborates this testimony. The unregenerate man can know God as power and justice, and came fear him. But this is not knowledge of God?s inmost character; it furnishes some material for a defective and ill ? proportioned theology; but it does not furnish fit or sufficient material for a correct theology. As, in order to make his science of optics satisfactory and complete, the blind man must
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