proof that Bible wines, like all other wines, are fermented, see Presb. Rev., 1881:80-114; 1882:78-108, 394-399, 586; Hovey, in Bap. Quar. Rev., April, 1887:152-180. Per contra, see Samson, Bible Wines. On the Scripture Law of Temperance, see Presb. Rev., 1882:287-324.

(b) The communion is of both kinds; that is, communicants are to partake both of the bread and of the wine.

The Roman Catholic Church withholds the wine from the laity although it considers the whole Christ to be present under each of the forms. Christ however, says: ?Drink ye all of it? ( <402627>Matthew 26:27). To withhold the wine from any believer is disobedience to Christ, and is too easily understood as teaching that the laity have only a portion of the benefits of Christ?s death. Calvin: ?As to the bread, he simply said ?Take, eat? Why does he expressly bid them all drink? And why does Mark explicitly say that ?they all drank of it? ( <411423>Mark 14:23)?? Bengel: Does not this suggest that, if communion in ?one kind alone were sufficient at is the cup which should be used? The Scripture thus speaks, foreseeing what Rome would do.? See Expositor?s Greek Testament on <461127>1 Corinthians 11:27. In the Greek Church the bread and wine are mingled and are administered to communicants, not to infants only but also to adults, with a spoon.

(c) The partaking of these elements is of a festal nature.

The Passover was festal in its nature. Gloom and sadness are foreign to the spirit of the Lord?s Supper. The wine is the symbol of the death of Christ but of that death by which we live. It reminds us that he drank the cup of suffering in order that we might drink the wine ofjoy. As the bread is broken to sustain our physical life, so thorns and nails and spear to nourish our spiritual life broke Christ?s body.

<461129> 1 Corinthians 11:29 ? ?For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself; if he discern not the body.? Here the Authorized Version wrongly had ?damnation? instead of ?judgment.? Not eternal condemnation, but penal judgment in general, is meant. He who partakes ?in an unworthy manner? (verse 27), i . e., in hypocrisy, or merely to satisfy bodily appetites, and not discerning the body of Christ of which the bread is the symbol (verse 29), draws down upon him God?s Judicial sentence. Of this judgment, the frequent sickness and death in the church at Corinth was a token. See versa 30-34 and Meyer?s Com.; also Gould, in Am. Com. on <461127>1 Corinthians 11:27 ? ?unworthily? ? ?This is not to be understood as referring to the unworthiness of the person himself to partake, but to the unworthy manner of partaking. The failure to recognize practically the symbolism of the elements, and hence the

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