Human Races, 236-240; Hodge, Systematic Theology, 2:77-91; Gladstone, Juventus Mundi. 4. The argument from physiology.

A. It is the common judgment of comparative physiologists that man constitutes but a single species. The differences, which exist between the various families of mankind, are to be regarded as varieties of this species. In proof of these statements we urge

(a) the numberless intermediate gradations which connect the so-called races with each other.

(b) The essential identity of all races in cranial, osteopathy, and dental characteristics and

(c) the fertility of unions between individuals of the most diverse types and the continuous fertility of the offspring of such unions.

Huxley, Critiques and Addresses, 163 ? ?It may be safely affirmed that, even if the differences between men are specific, they are so small that the assumption of more than one primitive stock for all is altogether superfluous. We may admit that Negroes and Australians are distinct species, yet be the strictest monogenists, and even believe in Adam and Eve as the primeval parents of mankind, i.e., on Darwin?s hypothesis?. Origin of Species, 113 ? ?I am one of those who believe that at present there is no evidence whatever for saying that mankind sprang originally from more than a single pair. I must say that I cannot see any good ground whatever, or any tenable evidence for believing that there is more than one species of man.? Owen, quoted by Burgess, Ant, and Unity of Race, 185 ? ?Man forms but one species and differences are but indications of varieties. These variations merge into each other by easy gradations.? Alex von Humboldt: ?The different races of men are forms of one sole species ? they are not different species of a genus.?

Quatrefages, in Revue d. deux Mondes, Dee. 1860:814 ? ?If one places himself exclusively upon the plane of the natural sciences, it is impossible not to conclude in favor of the monogenist doctrine.? Wagner, quoted in Bibliotheca Sacra, 19:607 ? ?Species = the collective total of individuals which are capable of producing one with another an uninterruptedly fertile progeny.? Pickering, Races of Man, 316 ? ?There is no middle ground between the admission of eleven distinct species in the human family and their reduction to one. The latter opinion implies a central point of origin.?

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