burden. All are guilty through their own fault. Every one perishes through his own iniquity.? In other words, the whole race fell in Adam and is punished for its own sin in him, not for the sins of immediate ancestors, nor for the sin of Adam as a person foreign to us. <430903>John 9:3 ? ?Neither did this man sin, nor his parents? (that he should be born blind). Do not attribute to any special later sin what is a consequence of the sin of the race ? the first sin which ?brought death into the world, and all our woe.? Shedd, Dogm. Theol, 2:195-213.
B. Guilt is an objective result of sin, and is not to be confounded with subjective pollution, or depravity. Every sin, whether of nature or person, is an offense against God ( <195104>Psalm 51:4-6), an act or state of opposition to his will, which has for its effect God?s personal wrath ( <190701>Psalm 7:1 <620318>1 John 3:18, 36), and which must be expiated either by punishment or by atonement ( <580922>Hebrews 9:22). Not only does sin, as unlikeness to the divine purity, involves pollution, it also, as antagonism to God?s holy will, involves guilt. This guilt, or obligation to satisfy the outraged holiness of God, is explained in the New Testament by the terms ?debtor? and ?debt?
( <400612>Matthew 6:12; <421304>Luke 13:4; <400521>Matthew 5:21; <450319>Romans 3:19; 6:23; <490203>Ephesians 2:3). Since guilt, the objective result of sin, is entirely distinct from depravity, the subjective result, human nature may, as in Christ, have the guilt without the depravity ( <470521>2 Corinthians 5:21), or may, as in the Christian, have the depravity without the guilt ( <620107>1 John 1:7, 8).
<195104> Psalm 51:4-6 ? ?Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, And done that which is evil in thy sight: That thou mayest be justified when thou speakest, And be clear when thou judgest? 7:11 ? ?God is a righteous judge, Yea, a God that hath indignation every day?; <430318>John 3:18 ? ?he that believeth not hath been judged already?; 36 ? he that obeyeth not the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abideth on him?; <580922>Hebrews 9:22 ? ?apart from shedding of blood there is no remission?;
<400612> Matthew 6:12 ? ?debts?; <421304>Luke 13:4 ? ?offenders? (margin ?debtors?); <400521>Matthew 5:21 ? ?shall be in danger of [exposed to] the judgment?; <450319>Romans 3:19 ? ?that all the world may be brought under the judgment of God?; 6:23 ? ?the wages of sin is death? = death is sin?s desert; <490203>Ephesians 2:3 ? ?by nature children of wrath?; <470521>2 Corinthians 5:21 ? ?Him who knew no sin he made to be sin on our behalf?; <620107>1 John 1:7, 8 ? ?the blood of Jesus his Son cleanseth us from all sin. [Yet] If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.?
<- Previous Table of Contents Next ->
Was this article helpful?