Whiton. Gloria Patri, 143, 14^ claims that Christ is the propitiation for all sin only by bringing peace to the conscience and satisfying the divine demand that is felt therein. Whiton regards the atonement not as a governmental work outside of us but as an educational work within. Aside from the objection that this view merges God?s transcendence in his immanence, we urge the words of Matthew Henry: ?Nothing can satisfy an offended conscience but that which satisfied an offended God.? C. J. Baldwin: ?The lake spread out has no moving power; it turns the mill wheel only when contracted into the narrow stream and pouring over the fall. So the wide love of God moves men only when it is concentrated into the sacrifice of the cross.?

(g) The theory contradicts all those passages of Scripture, which represent the atonement as necessary. God himself, as being a revelation of righteousness, by being an execution of the penalty of the law and making salvation a matter of debt to the believer on the ground of what Christ has done by actually purging our sins instead of making that purging possible, simply assures the sinner that God may now pardon him on account of what Christ has done. Christ has actually wrought out a complete salvation and will bestow it upon all of those who come to him.

John Bunyan, Pilgrim?s Progress, chapter vi ? ?Upon that place stood a Cross, and a little below, in the bottom, a Sepulchre. So I saw in my dream, that just as Christian came up with the Cross, his burden loosed from off his shoulders, and fell from off his back, and began to tumble, and so continued to do, till it came to the mouth of the Sepulchre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more. Then was Christian glad and lightsome, and said with a merry heart, He hath given me rest by his sorrow, and life by his death. Then he stood still awhile to look and wonder; for it was very surprising to him that the sight of the Cross should thus ease him of his burden.?

John Bunyan?s story is truer to Christian experience than is the Governmental theory. The sinner finds peace, not by coming to God with a distant respect to Christ but by coming directly to the ?Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world? ( <430129>John 1:29). Christ?s words to every conscious sinner are simply: ?Come unto me? ( <401128>Matthew 11:28). Upon the ground of what Christ has done, salvation is a matter of debt to the believer. <620109>1 John 1:9 ?If we confess our sins, he is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins? ? faithful to his promise and righteous to Christ. The Governmental theory, on the other hand, tends to

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