<260321> Ezekiel 3:21 ?The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of Sheol?; <421623>Luke 16:23 ? ?And in Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom?; 23:43 ? ?Today shalt thou be with me in Paradise?; cf . <092819>1 Samuel 28:19 ? Samuel said to Saul in the cave of Endor: ?tomorrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me.? Evidently not in an unconscious state. Many of these passages intimate a continuity of consciousness after death. Though Sheol is unknown to man, it is naked and open to God ( <182606>Job 26:6); he can find men there to redeem them from thence ( <194915>Psalm 49:15) proof that death is not annihilation. See Girdlestone, O. T. Synonyms, 447.

(f) The terms and phrases, which have been held to declare absolute cessation of existence at death, are frequently metaphorical. An examination of them in connection with the context and with other Scriptures is sufficient to show the untenableness of the literal interpretation put upon them by the annihilationists, and to prove that the language is merely the language of appearance.

Death is often designated as a ?sleeping? or a ?falling asleep?; see <431111> John 11:11, 14 ? ?Our friend Lazarus is fallen asleep; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep...Then Jesus therefore said unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.? Here the language of appearance is used, yet this language could not have been used, if the soul had not been conceived of as alive, though sundered from the body. See Meyer on <460118>1 Corinthians 1:18. So the language of appearance is used in <210910>Ecclesiastes 9:10 ? ?there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in Sheol whither thou goest? and in <19E604>Psalm 146:4 ? ?His breath goeth forth; he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.?

See Mozley, Essays, 2:171 ? ?These passages often describe the phenomena of death as it presents itself to our eyes, and so do not enter into the reality which takes place beneath it.? Bartlett, Life and Death Eternal, 189-358 ? ?Because the same Hebrew word is used for ?spirit? and ?breath,? shall we say that the spirit is only breath? ?Heart? in English might in like manner be made to mean only the material organ and David?s heart, panting, thirsting, melting within him would have to be interpreted literally. So a man may be ?eaten up with avarice,? while yet his being is not only not extinct, but is in a state of frightful activity.?

(g) The Jewish belief in a conscious existence after death is proof that the theory of annihilation rests upon a misinterpretation of Scripture. That such a belief in. the immortality of the soul existed among the Jews is abundantly

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