( <042234>Numbers 22:34), remorseful Achan (Josh. 7:20), insincere King Saul (1Sam. 15:24), despairing Judas ( <402704>Matthew 27:4); but in no one of these cases was there true repentance. True repentance takes God?s part against ourselves, has sympathy with God, feels how unworthy the Ruler, Father, Friend of men has been treated. It does not ask, ?What will my sin bring to me?? but ?What does my sin mean to God?? It involves, in addition to the mere recognition of sin:
B. An emotional element, change of feeling, sorrow for sin as committed against goodness and justice and therefore hateful to God and hateful in itself ( <195101>Psalm 51:1, 2, 10, 14). This element of repentance is indicated in the Scripture word metame>lomai . If accompanied by the following element, it is a lu>ph kata< Qeo>n . If not so accompanied, it is a luph> tou~ ko>smou = remorse and despair ( <402703>Matthew 27:3; <421823>Luke 18:23; <470709>2 Corinthians 7:9, 10).
<195101> Psalm 51:1, 2, 10, 14 ? ?Have mercy upon me...blot out my transgressions. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, And cleanse me from my sin...Create in me a clean heart, O God...Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God?; <402703>Matthew 27:3 ? ?Then Judas, who betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, I have sinned in that I betrayed innocent blood?; <421823>Luke 18:23 ? ?when he heard these things, he became exceeding sorrowful; for he was very rich?; <470709>2 Corinthians 7:9, 10 ? ?I now rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye were made sorry unto repentance; for ye were made sorry after a godly sort ... For godly sorrow worketh repentance unto salvation, a repentance which bringeth no regret: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.? We must distinguish sorrow for sin from shame on account of it and fear of its consequences. These last are selfish, while godly sorrow is disinterested. ?A man may be angry with himself and may despise himself without any humble prostration before God or confession of his guilt? (Shedd, Dogm. Theol, 2:535, note).
True repentance, as illustrated in Psalm 51, does not think of 1. consequences, 2. other men, 3. heredity, as an excuse; but it sees sin as transgression against God, personal guilt and as defiling the inmost being. Perowne on <195101>Psalm 51:1 ? ?In all godly sorrow there is hope. Sorrow without hope may be remorse or despair, but it is not repentance.? Much so called repentance is illustrated by the little girl?s prayer: ?O God, make me good, not real good, but just good enough so that I won?t have to be whipped!? Shakespeare, Measure for Measure, 2:3 ? ??T is meet so,
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