Scripture writers, in order to secure the putting into permanent and written form of the truth best adapted to man?s moral and religious needs.
(b) Inspiration may often include revelation, or the direct communication from God of truth to which man could not attain by his unaided powers. It may include illumination, or the quickening of man?s cognitive powers to understand truth already revealed. Inspiration, however, does not necessarily and always include either revelation or illumination. It is simply the divine influence which secures a transmission of needed truth to the future, and, according to the nature of the truth to be transmitted, it may be only an inspiration of superintendence, or it may be also and at the same time an inspiration of illumination or revelation.
(c) It is not denied, but affirmed, that inspiration may qualify for oral utterance of truth, or for wise leadership and daring deeds. Men may be inspired to render external service to God?s kingdom, as in the cases of Bezalel and Samson; even though this service is rendered unwillingly or ?unconsciously, as in the cases of Balaam and Cyrus. All human intelligence, indeed, is due to the in- breathing of that same Spirit who created man at the beginning. We are now concerned with inspiration, however, only as it pertains to the authorship of Scripture.
<010207> Genesis 2:7 ? ?And Jehovah God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul?; <023102>Exodus 31:2, 3 ? ?I have called by name Bezalel? and I have filled him with the Spirit of God? in all manner of workmanship?;
<071324> Judges 13:24, 25 ? ?called his name Samson: and the child grew, and Jehovah blessed him And the Spirit of Jehovah began to move him?;
<042305> Numbers 23:5 ? ?And Jehovah put a word in Balaam?s mouth, and said, Return unto Balak, and thus shalt thou speak?; <143622>2 Chronicles 36:22 ? ?Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Cyrus?; <234428>Isaiah 44:28 ? ?that saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd?; 45:5 ? ?I will gird thee, though thou best not known me?; <183208>Job 32:8 ? ?there is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding.? These passages show the true meaning of <550316>2 Timothy 3:16 ? ?Every scripture inspired of God.? The word qeo>pnenstov is to be understood as alluding, not to the flute player?s breathing into his instrument, but to God?s original in breathing of life. The flute is passive, but man?s soul is active. The flute gives out only what it receives, but the inspired man under the divine influence is a conscious and free originator of thought and expression. Although the inspiration of which we are to treat is simply the inspiration of the Scripture writings, we can best understand this narrower use of the
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