God is, is universal ( <450119>Romans 1:19-21, 28, 32; 2:15). God has inlaid the evidence of this fundamental truth in the very nature of man, so that nowhere is he without a witness. The preacher may confidently follow the example of Scripture by assuming it. But he must also explicitly declare it, as the Scripture does. ?For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen? ( kaqora~tai ? spiritually viewed); the organ given for this purpose is the noou>mena ; but then ? and this forms the transition to our next division of the subject ? they are ?perceived through the things that are made? toi~v poih>masin , <450120>Romans 1:20).

On <450119>Romans 1:19-21, see Weiss, Bib. Theol. des N.T., 251, note; also commentaries of Meyer, Alford, Tholuck, and Wordsworth; to< gnwsto<n tou~ qeou~ = not ?that which may be known? (Revised Version) but ?that which is known? of God; noou>mena kaqora~tai = are clearly seen in that they are perceived by the reason ? noou>mena expresses the manner of the kaqora~tai (Meyer); compare <430109>John 1:9; <441727>Acts 17:27;

<450128> Romans 1 : 28; 2:15. On <461534>1 Corinthians 15:34, see Calderwood, Philos. of Inf., 466 ? ajgnwsi>an Qeou~ tine<v e]cousi = do not possess the specially exalted knowledge of God which belongs to believers in Christ (cf. <620407>1 John 4:7 ? ?every one that loveth is begotten of God, and knoweth God). On <490212>Ephesians 2:12, see Pope, Theology, 1:24 ? a]qeoi ejn tw~| ko>mw| is opposed to being in Christ, and signifies rather forsaken of God, than denying him or entirely ignorant of him. On Scripture passages, see Schmid, Bib. Theol. des N.T., 486; Hofmann, Schriftbeweis, 1:62.

B.G. Robinson: ?The first statement of the Bible is, not that there is a God, but that ?In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth? ((Gen. 1:1). The belief in God never was and never can be the result of logical argument, else the Bible would give us proofs.? Many texts relied upon as proofs of God?s existence are simply explications of the idea ?if God, as for example: <199409>Psalm 94:9,10 ? ?He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? He that formed the eye, shall he not see? He that chastiseth the nations, shall not he correct, even he that teacheth man knowledge?? Plato says that God holds the soul by its roots, ? he therefore does not need to demonstrate to the soul the fact of his existence. Martineau, Seat of Authority, 308, says well that Scripture and preaching only interpret what is already in the heart which it addresses: ?Flinging a warm breath on the inward oracles hid in invisible ink, it renders them articulate and dazzling as the handwriting on the wall. The divine Seer does not convey to you his revelation, but qualifies you to receive your own. This mutual relation is possible only through the common presence of God in the

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