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did, and did not care to continue her journey to Upsala, in order to get comfort from Dr. Fjellstedt.

(c) The ground of faith is the external word of promise. The ground of assurance, on the other hand, is the inward witness of the Spirit that we fulfill the conditions of the promise ( <450420>Romans 4:20, 21; 8:16;

<490113> Ephesians 1:13; l <430413>John 4:13; 5:10). This witness of the Spirit is not a new revelation from God but a strengthening of faith so that it becomes conscious and indubitable.

True faith is possible without assurance of salvation. But if Alexander?s view were correct, that the object of saving faith is the proposition: ?God, for Christ?s sake, now looks with reconciling love on me, a sinner,? no one could believe, without being at the same time assured that he was a saved person. ?Upon the true view, that the object of saving faith is not a proposition, but a person, we can perceive not only the simplicity of faith, but the possibility of faith even where the soul is destitute of assurance or of joy. Hence those who already believe are urged to seek for assurance ( <580611>Hebrews 6:11; 2 Peter l:10).

<450420> Romans 4:20, 21 ? ?looking unto the promise of God, he wavered not through unbelief but waxed strong through faith, giving glory to God, and being fully assured that what he had promised, he was able also to perform?; 8:16 ? ?The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God?; <490113>Ephesians 1:13 ? ?in whom, having also believed, ye were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise?; <620413>1 John 4:13 ? ?hereby we know that we abide in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit?; 5:10 ? ?He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in him.? This assurance is not of the essence of faith, because believers are exhorted to attain to it: <580611>Hebrews 6:11 ? ?And we desire that each one of you may show the same diligence unto the fullness of hope [margin ? ?full assurance?] even to the end?; <610110>2 Peter 1:10 ? ?Wherefore, brethren, give the more diligence to make your calling and election sure.? Cf. <201414>Proverbs 14:14 ? ?a good man shall be satisfied from himself.?

There is need to guard the doctrine of assurance from mysticism. The witness of the Spirit is not a new and direct revelation from God. It is a strengthening of previously existing faith until he who possesses this faith cannot any longer doubt that he possesses it. It is a general rule that all our emotions, when they become exceedingly strong, also become conscious. Instance affection between man and woman.

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