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even a single word, as in <480316>Galatians 3:16, and his use of the Old Testament for purposes of allegory, as in <480421>Galatians 4:21-31, show that in his view the Old Testament text was sacred. Philo, Josephus and the Talmud, in their interpretations of the Old Testament, fail continually into a ?narrow and unhappy literalism.? ?The New Testament does not indeed escape Rabbinical methods, but even where these are most prominent they seem to affect the form far more than the substance. And through the temporary and local form the writer constantly penetrates to the very heart of the Old Testament teaching;? see Sanday, Bampton Lectures on Inspiration, 87; Henderson, Inspiration, 254.

3. Jesus commissioned his apostles as teachers and gave them promises of a supernatural aid of the Holy Spirit in their teaching, like the promises made to the Old Testament prophets.

<402819> Matthew 28:19, 20 ? ?Go ye? teaching? and lo, I am with you.? Compare promises to Moses ( <020312>Exodus 3:12), Jeremiah ( <240105>Jeremiah 1:5-8), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 2 and 3). See also <234403>Isaiah 44:3 and <290228>Joel 2:28 ? ?I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed? <401007>Matthew 10:7 ? ?as ye go, preach?; 19 ? ?be not anxious how or what ye shall speak?; <431426>John 14:26 ? ?the Holy Spirit? shall teach you all things?; 15:26, 27 ? ?the Spirit of truth shall bear witness of me: and ye also bear witness? ? the Spirit shall witness in and through you; 16:13 ? ?he shall guide you into all the truth? ? (1) limitation ? all the truth of Christ, i.e., not of philosophy or science, but of religion; (2) comprehension ? all the truth within this limited range, i.e., sufficiency of Scripture as rule of faith and practice (Hovey); 17:8 ? ?the words which thou gavest me I have given unto them?; <440104>Acts 1:4 ? ?he charged them? to wait for the promise of the Father?; <432022>John 20:22 ? ?he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Spirit? Here was both promise and communication of the personal Holy Spirit. Compare <401019>Matthew 10:19, 20 ? ?it shall be given you in that hour what ye shall speak. For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father that speaketh in you.? See Henderson, Inspiration, 247, 248.

Jesus? testimony here is the testimony of God. In <051818>Deuteronomy 18:18, it is said that God will put his words into the mouth of the great Prophet. In <431249>John 12:49, 50, Jesus says: ?I spake not from myself, but the Father that sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is life eternal; the things therefore which I speak, even as the Father hath said unto me, so I speak.? <431707>John 17:7, 8 ? ?all things whatsoever thou hast given me are from thee: for the words which thou gavest me I have given

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