3. Where cats stay at home, field mice abound.
4. Where field mice abound, the nests of bumblebees are destroyed.
5. Where bumblebee?s nests are destroyed, there is no fertilization of pollen. Therefore, where dogs go loose, no hearts-ease grows.
B. Arguments a posteriori from the facts of nature and of history.
(a) The outward lot of individuals and nations is not wholly in their own hands, but is in many acknowledged respects subject to the disposal of a higher power.
(b) The observed moral order of the world, although imperfect, cannot be accounted for without recognition of a divine providence. Vice is discouraged and virtue rewarded in ways, which are beyond the power of mere nature. There must be a governing mind and will, and this mind and will must be the mind and will of God.
The birthplace of individuals and of nations, the natural powers with which they are endowed, the opportunities and immunities they enjoy, are beyond their own control. A man?s destiny for time and for eternity may be practically decided for him by his birth in a Christian home, rather than in a tenement house at the Five Points, or in a kraal of the Hottentots. Progress largely depends upon ?variety of environment? (H. Spencer). But this variety of environment is in great part independent of our own efforts.
?There?s a Divinity that shapes our ends, Rough hew them how we will.? Shakespeare here expounds human consciousness. ?Man proposes and God disposes? has become a proverb. Experience teaches that success and failure are not wholly due to us. Men often labor and lose, they consult and nothing ensues, they ?embattle and are broken.? Providence is not always on the side of the heaviest battalions. Not arms but ideas have denied the fate of the world ? as Xerxes found at Theromopyl« and Napoleon at Waterloo. Great movements are generally begun without consciousness of their greatness. Cf . <234216>Isaiah 42:16 ? ?I will bring the blind by a way that they know not? <460503>1 Corinthians 5:37, 38 ? ?thou sowest? a bare grain? but God giveth it a body even as it pleased him.?
The deed returns to the doer and character shapes destiny. This is true in the long run. Eternity will show the truth of the maxim. But here in time a sufficient number of apparent exceptions are permitted to render possible a moral probation. If evil were always immediately followed by penalty,
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