9. Man, the first being of moral and intellectual qualities, and the first in whom the unity of the great design has full expression, forms in both the Mosaic and geologic record the last step of progress in creation (see verses 26-31). With Prof. Dana, we may say that ?in this succession we observe not merely an order of events like that deduced from science; there is a system in the arrangement, and a far reaching prophecy, to which philosophy could not have attained, however instructed.? See Dana, Manual of Geology, 741-746, and Bibliotheca Sacra, April, 1885:201224. Richard Owen: ?Man from the beginning of organisms was ideally present upon the earth?; see Owen, Anatomy of Vertebrates, 3:796; Louis Agassiz: ?Man is the purpose toward which the whole animal creation tends from the first appearance of the first palezoic fish.?
Prof. John M. Taylor: ?Man is not merely a mortal but a moral being. If he sinks below this plane of life he misses the path marked out for him by all his past development. In order to progress, the higher vertebrate had to subordinate everything to mental development. In order to become human it had to develop the rational intelligence. In order to become higher man, present man must subordinate everything to moral development. This is the great law of animal and human development clearly revealed in the sequence of physical and psychical functions.? W. E. Gladstone in S. S. Times, April 26, 1890, calls the Mosaic days ?chapters in the history of creation.? He objects to calling them epochs or periods, because they are not of equal length, and they sometimes overlap. He defends the general correspondence of the Mosaic narrative, with the latest conclusions of science by saying: ?Any man, whose labor and duty for several scores of years has included as their central point the study of the means of making himself intelligible to the mass of men, is in a far better position to judge what would be the forms and methods of speech proper for the Mosaic writer to adopt, than the most perfect Hebraist as such, or the most consummate votary on physical science as such.?
On the whole subject, see Guyot, Creation; Review of Guyot, in N. Eng., July, 1884:591-594; Taylor Lewis, Six Days of Creation; Thompson, Man in Genesis and in Geology; Agassiz, in Atlantic Monthly, Jan. 1874; Dawson, Story of the Earth and Man, 32, and in Expositor, Apl. 1886; LeConte, Science and Religion, 264; Hill, in Bibliotheca Sacra, April, 1875: Peirce, Ideality in the Physical Sciences, 38-72; Boardman, The Creative Week; Godet, Bib. Studies of OT, 65-138; Bell, in Nature, Nov. 24 and Dec. 1, 1882; W. E. Gladstone, in Nineteenth Century, Nov. 1885:685-707, Jan. 1886:1, 176; reply by Huxley, In Nineteenth Century, Dec. 1885 and Feb. 1886; Schmid, Theories of Darwin; Bartlett, Sources of History in the Pentateuch, 1-35; Cotterill, Does Science Aid Faith in
<- Previous Table of Contents Next ->
Was this article helpful?