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John 14:3 ? ?And if I go and prepare place for you, I come again, and will receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also? <461554>1 Corinthians 15:54-57 ? ?Death is swallowed up in victory...O death, where is thy sting? The sting of death is sin and the power of sin is the law,? i. e., the law?s condemnation, its penal infliction. <470501>2 Corinthians 5:1-9 ? ?For we know that if the earthly house of our tabernacle be dissolved we have a building from God...we are of good courage. I say, and are willing rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord?; <500121>Philippians 1:21, 23 ? ?to die is gain...having the desire to depart and be with Christ; for it is very far better.? In Christ and his bearing the penalty of sin, the Christian has broken through the circle of natural race-connection, and is saved from corporate evil so far as it is punishment. The Christian may be chastised but he is never punished: <450801> Romans 8:1 ? ?There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus.? At the house of Jairus, Jesus said: ?Why make ye a tumult and weep?? and having reproved the doleful clamorists, ?he put them all forth? ( <410539>Mark 5:39, 40). The wakes and requiems and masses and vigils of the churches of Rome and of Russia are all heathen relics, entirely foreign to Christianity.

Palmer, Theological Definition, 57 ? ?Death feared and fought against is terrible but a welcome to death is the death of death and the way to life.? The idea that punishment yet remains for the Christian is ?the bridge to the papal doctrine of purgatorial fires.? Browning?s words, in The Ring and the Book, 2:60 ? ?In His face is light, but in his shadow healing too,? are applicable to God?s fatherly chastening but not to his penal retributions. On <440760>Acts 7:60 ? ?he fell asleep? Arnot remarks: ?When death becomes the property of the believer, it receives a new name, and is called sleep.? Another has said: ?Christ did not send, but came himself to save. The ransom price he did not lend, but gave. Christ died, the shepherd for the sheep and we only fall asleep.? Per contra, see Kreibig, Versohnungslehre, 375, and Hengstenberg, Ev. K ? Z, 1864:l065 ? ?All suffering is punishment.?

B. Spiritual death or the separation of the soul from God, including all that pain of conscience, loss of peace and sorrow of spirit, which result from disturbance of the normal relation between the soul and God.

(a) Although physical death is a part of the penalty of sin, it is by no means the chief part. The term ?death? is frequently used in Scripture in a moral and spiritual sense, as denoting the absence of that which constitutes the true life of the soul, namely, the presence and favor of God.

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