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the altar to make atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life.?

The patriarchal sacrifices were sin offerings, as the sacrifice of Job for his friends witnesses: <184207>Job 42:7-9 ? ?My wrath is kindled against thee [Eliphaz]... therefore, take unto you seven bullocks...and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering?; cf. 33:24 ? ?Then God is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom?; 1:5 ? Job offered burnt offerings for his sons, for he said, ?It maybe that my sons have sinned and renounced God in their hearts?; Gen. 8:20 ? Noah ?offered burnt offerings on the altar?; 21 ? ?and Jehovah smelled the sweet savor and Jehovah said in his heart, I will not again the curse the ground any more for man?s sake.?

That vicarious suffering is intended in all these sacrifices, is plain from

<031601> Leviticus 16:1-34 ? the account of the sin offering and the scapegoat of the great day of atonement, the full meaning of which we give below; also from <012213>Gen. 22:13 ? ?Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a bunt offering in the stead of his son?; <023230>Exodus 32:30-32 ? where Moses says: ?Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto Jehovah; peradventure I shall make atonement for your sin. And Moses returned unto Jehovah, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if thou wilt forgive our sin ? ; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.? See also <052101>Deuteronomy 21:1-9 ? the expiation of an uncertain murder, by the sacrifice of a heifer, where Oehler, O. T. Theology, 1:389 , says: ?Evidently the punishment of death incurred by the manslayer is executed symbolically upon the heifer.? In <235301>Isaiah 53:1-12 ? ?All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and Jehovah hath laid on him the iniquity of us all...stripes...offering for sin? ? the ideas of both satisfaction and substitution are still more plain.

Wallace, Representative Responsibility: ?The animals offered in sacrifice must be animals brought into direct relation to man, subject to him, his property. They could not be spoils of the chase. They must bear the mark and impress of humanity. Upon the sacrifice human hands must be laid, the hands of the giver and the hands of the priest. The offering is the substitute of the giver. The priest is the substitute of the giver. The priest and the sacrifice were one symbol... [Hence, in the new dispensation, the priest and the sacrifice are one; both are found in Christ.] The high priest must enter the Holy of Holies with his own finger dipped in blood; the blood must be in contact with his own person which is another indication

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