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errors. It furnishes the basis for a new interpretation of many theological as well as of many philosophical doctrines. It helps our understanding of the Trinity. If within the bounds of God?s being there can exist multitudinous finite personalities, it becomes easier to comprehend how within those same bounds there can be three eternal and infinite personalities, ? indeed, the integration of plural consciousnesses in an all embracing divine consciousness may find a valid analogy in the integration of subordinate consciousnesses in the unit-personality of man; see Baldwin, Handbook of Psychology-, Feeling and Will, 53, 54.

Ethical Monism, since it is ethical, leaves room for human wills and for their freedom. While man could never break the natural bond, which united him to God, he could break the spiritual bond and introduce into creation a principle of discord and evil. Tie a cord tightly about your finger; you partially isolate the finger, diminish its nutrition, and bring about atrophy and disease. So there has been given to each intelligent and moral agent the power, Spiritually to isolate himself from God while yet he is naturally joined to God.

As humanity is created in Christ and lives only in Christ, man?s self- isolation is his moral separation from Christ. Simon, Redemption of Man, 369 ? Rejecting Christ is not so much refusal to become one with Christ as it is refusal to remain one with him, refusal to let him be our life.? All men are naturally one within Christ by physical birth, before they become morally one with him by spiritual birth. They may set themselves against him and may oppose him forever. This our Lord intimates, when he tells us that there are natural branches of Christ, which do not ?abide in the vine? or ?bear fruit,? and so are ?cast forth,? ?withered,? and ?burned?

Ethical Monism, however, since it is Monism, enables us to understand the principle of the Atonement. Though God?s holiness binds him to punish sin, the Christ who has joined himself to the sinner must share the sinner?s punishment. He who is the life of humanity must take upon his own heart the burden of shame and penalty that belongs to his members. Tie the cord about your finger; not only the finger suffers pain, but also the heart; the life of the whole system rouses itself to put away the evil, to untie the cord, to free the diseased and suffering member. Humanity is bound to Christ, as the finger to the body. Since human nature is one of the ?all things? that ?consist? or hold together in Christ ( <510117>Colossians 1:17), and man?s sin is a self-perversion of a part of Christ?s own body, the whole must be injured by the self-inflicted injury of the part, and ?it must needs be that Christ should suffer? ( <441703>Acts 17:3). Simon,

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