ordination of ministers is termed the ?imposition of hands? (cf. <440242>Acts 2:42; <540414>1 Timothy 4:14).
<400311> Matthew 3:11 ? ?I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance?; <410104> Mark 1:4 ? ?the baptism of repentance unto remission of sins?; 16:16 ? ?He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved?; <620305>1 John 3:5 ? ?Except one be born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.? Here Nicodemus, who was familiar with John?s baptism and with the refusal of the Sanhedrin to recognize its claims, is told that the baptism of water, which he suspects may be obligatory is indeed necessary to that complete change, by which one enters outwardly as well as inwardly, into the kingdom of God. He is taught also, that to ?be born of water? is worthless unless it is the accompaniment and sign of a new birth of ?the Spirit? and therefore, in the further statements of Christ, baptism is not alluded to. See verses 6, 8 ? ?that which is born of the Spirit is spirit...so is every one that is born of the Spirit.?
<440238> Acts 2:38 ? ?Repent ye, and be baptized...unto the remission of your sins? ? on this passage see Hackett: ?The phrase ?in order to the forgiveness of sins? we connect naturally with both the preceding verbs (?repent? and ?be baptized?). The clause states the motive or object, which should induce them to repent and be baptized. It enforces the entire exhortation, not one part to the exclusion of the other? i. e., they were to repent for the remission of sins, quite as much as they were to be baptized for the remission of sins. <442216>Acts 22:16 ? ?arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on his name?; Ephesians5:26 ? ?that he might sanctify it [the church], having cleansed it by the washing of water with the word?; <560305>Titus 3:5 ? ?according to his mercy he saved us, through the washing of regeneration [baptism] and renewing of the Holy Spirit [the new birth]?; <581022>Hebrews 10:22 ? ?having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience [regeneration]: and having our body washed with pure water [baptism]?; cf. <440242>Acts 2:42 ? ?the breaking of bread?; 1Tim 4:44 ? ?the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.?
Dr. A. C. Kendrick: ?Considering how inseparable ?believe and be baptized? were in the Christian profession and how imperative and absolute was the requisition upon the believer to testify his allegiance by baptism that it could not be deemed singular that the two should be united, as it were, in one complex conception. We have no more right to assume that the birth from water involves the birth from the Spirit and thus do away with the one, than to assume that the birth from the Spirit involves the birth from water, and thus do away with the other. We have got to have them both, each in its distinctness, in order to fulfill the conditions of
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