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Christ. It does not bind men to itself alone, but it points them to the Christ of whom it testifies. Christ is the authority. In the Scriptures he points us to himself and demands our faith in him. This faith, once begotten, leads us to new appropriation of Scripture, but also to new criticism of Scripture. We find Christ more and more in Scripture, and yet we judge Scripture more and more by time standard which we find in Christ.?

Newman Smyth, Christian Ethics, 71-82: ?There is but one authority ? Christ. His Spirit works in many ways, but chiefly in two: first, the inspiration of the Scriptures, and secondly, the leading of the church into the truth The latter is not to be isolated or separated from the former. Scripture is law to the Christian consciousness, and Christian consciousness in time becomes law to the Scripture ? interpreting, criticizing. verifying it. The word and the spirit answer to each other. Scripture and faith are coordinate. Protestantism has exaggerated the first; Romanism the second. Martineau fails to grasp the coordination of Scripture and faith.?

(d) With this external record we shall also see that there is given under impossible conditions special influence of God?s Spirit, so too quicken our cognitive powers that the external record reproduces in our minds the ideas with which the minds of the writers were at first divinely filled.

We may illustrate the need of internal revelation from Egyptology, which is impossible so long as the external revelation in the hieroglyphics is uninterpreted: from the ticking of the clock in a dark room, where only the lit candle enables us to tell the time; from the landscape spread out around the Rigi in Switzerland, invisible until the first rays of the sun touch the snowy mountain peaks. External revelation ( fane>rwsiv , <450119>Romans 1:19,20) must be supplemented by internal revelation ( ajpoka>luyiv

<460210> 1 Corinthians 2:10,12) Christ is the organ of external, the Holy Spirit the organ of internal revelation. In Christ <470120>2 Corinthians 1:20) are ?the yea? and ?the Amen? ? the objective certainty and the subjective certitude. the reality and the realization.

Objective certainty must become subjective certitude in order to a scientific theology. Before conversion we have the first, the external truth of Christ; only at conversion and after conversion do we have the second, ?Christ formed in us? ( <480419>Galatians 4:19). We heave objective revelation at Sinai ( <022022>Exodus 20:22) subjective revelation in Elisha?s knowledge of Gehazi ( <120526>2 Kings 5:26). James Russell Lowell, Winter Evening Hymn to my Fire: ?Therefore with the I love to read Our brave old poets; at thy touch how stirs Life in the withered words! how swift recede Time?s

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