Christ for us upon the Cross is the necessary preparation for Christ in us by his Spirit. Gould, Bib. Theol. N. T., 74, 75, 89, 172, unwarrantably contrasts Paul?s representation of Christ as priest with what he calls the representation of Christ as prophet in the Epistle to the Hebrews: ?The priest says, Man?s return to God is not enough. There must be an expiation of man?s sin. This is Paul?s doctrine. The prophet says, There never was a divine provision for sacrifice. Man?s return to God is the thing wanted. But this return must be completed. Jesus is the perfect prophet who gives us an example of restored obedience and who comes in to perfect man?s imperfect work. This is the doctrine of the Epistle to the Hebrews.? This recognition of expiation in Paul?s teaching, together with denial of its validity and interpretation of the Epistle to the Hebrews as prophetic rather than priestly, is a curiosity of modern exegesis.

Lyman Abbott, Theology of an Evolutionist, 107-127, goes still further and affirms: ?In the N . T. God is never said to be propitiated, nor is it ever said that Jesus Christ propitiates God or satisfies God?s wrath.? Yet Dr. Abbott adds that in the N. T. God is represented as self-propitiated: ?Christianity is distinguished from paganism by representing God as appeasing his own wrath and satisfying his own justice by the forth putting of his own love.? This self-propitiation however must not be thought of as a bearing of penalty: ?Nowhere in the O. T. is the idea of a sacrifice coupled with the idea of penalty. It is always coupled with purification ? ?with his stripes we are healed? ( <235305>Isaiah 53:5). And in the N. T., the lamb of God...taketh away the sin of the world? ( <430129>John 1:29); ?the blood of Jesus... cleanseth?( <620107>1 John 1:7...What humanity needs is not the removal of the penalty, but removal of the sin.? This seems to us a distinct contradiction of both Paul and John, with whom propitiation is an essential of Christian doctrine (see <450325>Romans 3:25; <620202> 1 John 2:2,), while we grant that the propitiation is made, not by sinful man, but by God himself in the person of his Son. See George B. Gow, on The Place of Expiation in Human Redemption, Am. Jour. Theol., 1900:734-756 .

A ?substitution: <422237>Luke 22:37 ? ?he was reckoned with transgressors?: cf. <031621>Leviticus 16:21, 22 ? ?and Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel...he shall put them upon the head of the goat...and the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a solitary land?;

<235305> Isaiah 53:5, 6 ? ?he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and Jehovah hath laid on him the

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